Rare Metals

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Microstructures and properties of Nb–Si-based alloys with B addition

  • Liang-Shun Luo
  • Fu-Xin Wang
  • Xian-Yu Meng
  • Yan-Jin Xu
  • Liang Wang
  • Yan-Qing SuEmail author
  • Jing-Jie Guo
  • Heng-Zhi Fu


The Nb–16Si–18Ti–xB (at%, similarly hereinafter, x = 0, 1, 2, 3) alloys were prepared by arc melting in a water-cooled copper crucible. The influences of B addition on their microstructures and properties were based on the data of X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), and electronic universal material testing machine. It is found that the addition of B promotes the formation of α-Nb5Si3 phase and suppresses the formation of Nb3Si phase. B addition also tends Nb–16Si–18Ti alloy to form the hypereutectic structures. The content of silicide phases shows a trend of firstly decreasing and then increasing in Nb–16Si–18Ti–xB (x = 0, 1, 2, 3) alloys. The size of Nb solid solution (Nbss) phase increases in Nb–16Si–18Ti–xB (x = 0, 1, 2, 3) alloys after heat treatment at 1523 K for 10 h. The room temperature compression strength of Nb–16Si–18Ti alloy increases firstly and then decreases with B addition. The high-temperature compression strength of Nb–16Si–18Ti alloy decreases firstly and then increases with B addition. It is found that the volume and size of silicide phases have a synergistic effect on the compression strength of Nb–Ti–Si-based alloys.


Nb–Si alloys B element Phase stability Compression yield strength 



This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51425402, 51405458, 51371066 and 51671073), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFB0301201) and the Youth Science Foundation of Heilongjiang Province (No. QC2013C049).


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Copyright information

© Journal Publishing Center of University of Science and Technology, Beijing and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  2. 2.AVIC Manufacturing Technology InstituteBeijingChina

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