Construction of TiO2/silane nanofilm on AZ31 magnesium alloy for controlled degradability and enhanced biocompatibility
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A TiO2 nanofilm was prepared on the surface of AZ31 magnesium alloy with controllable thickness through atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique, which can adjust the corrosion behaviors of AZ31 Mg alloy. Compared with the untreated Mg alloys, corrosion current densities (icorr) can decline by 58% in the 200-cycles TiO2-covered Mg alloy and further decline by up to 74% with the thickness of nanofilm up to 63 nm (400 cycles). The subsequent modification with a cross-linked conversion layer of 3-amino-propyltriethoxysilane (APTES) by a dipping method can produce a compact silane coating on TiO2 nanofilm, which can seal pinholes of TiO2 nanofilm and serve as a barrier to further adjust the corrosion behavior of the substrate. The icorr can decline about two orders of magnitude in the TiO2/silane composite coating. Making the adjustable corrosion rate come true, which can be attributed to the precise control on the thickness of metal oxide nanofilm and additional protection from the compact silane coating. In vitro study discloses that the TiO2/silane hybrid coating shows higher expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and can promote cellular adhesion and proliferation with better cytocompatibility than untreated Mg alloy.
KeywordsMagnesium alloy TiO2 Biodegradability Atomic layer deposition Hybrid coating Biocompatibility
This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Fund of Hubei Province (No. 2018CFA064), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Nos. 51671081 and 51422102), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFC1100600, sub-project 2016YFC1100604), the Hong Kong Research Grants Council (RGC) General Research Funds (GRF) (Nos. 11301215, 11205617 and 17214516), and RGC/NSFC (N_HKU725-16), the Hong Kong Innovation and Technology Commission (ITC) (Nos. ITS/287/17 and GHX/002/14SZ) and the Health and Medical Research Fund (No. 03142446).