Rare Metals

pp 1–6 | Cite as

Oxidation resistance of nickel-based superalloy Inconel 600 in air at different temperatures

  • Dong-Sheng LiEmail author
  • Guang Chen
  • Dan Li
  • Qi Zheng
  • Pei Gao
  • Ling-Ling Zhang


Inconel 600 alloy is widely utilized for high temperature environment application due to the corresponding good oxidation and corrosion resistance properties. In order to estimate the high temperature oxidation resistance of Inconel 600 alloy at various temperatures, the oxidation weight gain of all specimens was measured and fitted for the curve at the temperatures of 700, 800 and 900 °C for exposure time of 100 h. The surface morphology and the component of the oxide film were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results indicate that the high temperature oxidation resistance of Inconel 600 alloy is excellent blew 800 °C due to the oxidation kinetic curves at different temperatures corresponding to the parabola dynamic rules. This means that the oxidation film protects the substrate well. The dense oxide layer formation containing Cr2O3 and NiCr2O4 at 700 and 800 °C and MnCr2O4 at 900 °C, respectively, is the main reason for the good oxidation resistance. In contrast, the oxide layer peels off easily under applied force as the temperature increases beyond 800 °C, on account of the complicated compositions of the oxide film and the binding force between the oxide layer and the substrate weakening. Corresponding oxidation mechanism is expected to be understood and the oxidation resistance of Inconel 600 alloy is improved through binding force enhancement.


Inconel 600 alloy High temperature oxidation Oxide layer Oxidation mechanism 



The research was financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2012AA03A501).


  1. [1]
    Chen KZ, Xia JB, Ai GQ. Trial production workshop of GH600 alloy. Spec Steel Technol. 2004;1:3.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Zhang JF, Zhang XM. Low carbon economy drives the development of nuclear materials. China Nonferrous Met. 2010;8:40.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Zhao H, Liu QB, Yao DW. The research and application status of Inconel 600 alloy under extremely situation. Key Eng Mater. 2017;730:21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Kai JJ, Lee RD. Effects of irradiation on the microstructure of Inconel 600 alloy. J Nucl Mater. 2016;s191–194(5):717.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Mcintyre NS, Zetaruk DG, Owen D. XPS study of the initial growth of oxide films on Inconel 600 alloy. Appl Surf Sci. 1978;2(1):55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Airey GP. Microstructural aspects of the thermal treatment of Inconel alloy 600. Metallography. 1980;13(1):21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Savage WF, Nippes EF, Goodwin GM. Effect of minor elements of hot-cracking tendencies of Inconel 600. Weld. J. 1977;56(8):S245.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Lim MK, Oh SD, Lee YZ. Friction and wear of Inconel 690 and Inconel 600 for steam generator tube in room temperature water. Nucl Eng Des. 2003;226(2):97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Sato YS, Arkom P, Kokawa H, Nelson TW, Steel RJ. Effect of microstructure on properties of friction stir welded Inconel alloy 600. Mater Sci Eng A. 2005;477(1–2):250–8.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Song KH, Fujii H, Nakata K. Effect of welding speed on microstructural and mechanical properties of friction stir welded Inconel 600. Mater Des. 2009;30(10):3972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Peng Q, Hou J, Sakaguchi K, Takeda Y, Shoji T. Effect of dissolved hydrogen on corrosion of Inconel alloy 600 in high temperature hydrogenated water. Electrochim Acta. 2011;56(24):8375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Baldridge T, Poling G, Foroozmehr E, Kovacevic R, Metz T, Kadekar V, Mool C. Laser cladding of Inconel 690 on Inconel 600 superalloy for corrosion protection in nuclear applications. Opt Lasers Eng. 2013;51(2):1804.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Wang XT, Li SL. The research status and development trend of nuclear power steel. New Mater Ind. 2014;7:2.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    Cao J, Zhang J, Chen R, Ye Y, Hua Y. High temperature oxidation behavior of Ni-based superalloy GH202. Mater. Charact. 2016;118(11):122–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Qi HY, Liang XB, Li SL, Yang XG. High-temperature oxidation behavior of DZ125 Ni-based superalloy under tensile stress. Rare Met. 2016. Scholar
  16. [16]
    Cheng XN, Wang RR. High temperature oxidation resistance of 800H alloy. J Mater Heat Treat. 2012;33(6):95.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    And OA, Eser S. Characterization of carbon deposits from jet fuel on Inconel 600 and Inconel X surfaces. Ind Eng Chem Res. 2000;39(3):642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Sundararajan T, Kuroda S, Kawakita J, Seal S. High temperature corrosion of nanoceria coated 9Cr1Mo ferritic steel in air and steam. Surf Coat Technol. 2006;201(6):2124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Li MS. High Temperature Corrosion of Metal. Beijing: Metallurgy Industry Press; 2001. 11.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Basabe VV, Szpunar JA. Growth rate and phase composition of oxide layers during hot rolling of low carbon steel. ISIJ Int. 2004;44(9):1554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Wang L, Jiang WG, Li XW, Dong JS, Zheng W. Effect of surface roughness on the oxidation behavior of a directionally solidified Ni-based superalloy at 1100 °C. Acta Metall Sin (English Letters). 2015;28(3):381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    Zhao H, Yu M, Liu J, Li S, Xue B. Effect of surface roughness on corrosion resistance of sol–gel coatings on AA2024-T3 alloy. J Electrochem Soc. 2015;162(14):C718.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. [23]
    Yang SJ, Yang SW. High temperature oxidation resistance of steel for ultra supercritical steam turbine blades. Harbin: Harbin Engineering University; 2011. 7.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Lee HR, Seo HR, Lee B, Cho BW, Lee KY. Spinel-structured surface layers for facile Li ion transport and improved chemical stability of lithium manganese oxide spinel. Appl Surf Sci. 2017;392:448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. [25]
    Goujon C, Pauporté T, Mansour C, Delaunay S, Bretelle JL. Electrochemical deposition of thick iron oxide films on nickel based superalloy substrates. Electrochim Acta. 2015;176:230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Wang HT, Zhang GL, Wang SQ, Min GH. Effects of chromium, aluminum and silicon on oxidation resistance of Fe-base superalloy. J Mater Eng. 2008;12:73.Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    Pettersson C, Jonsson T, Proff C, Halvarsson M, Svensson JE. High temperature oxidation of the austenitic (35Fe27Cr31Ni) alloy sanicro 28 in O2 + H2O environment. Oxid Met. 2010;74:93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Tawancy HM. Correlation between resistance to carburization and resistance to oxidation of selected high-temperature alloys. Oxid Met. 2015;83(1):167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. [29]
    Zhang Z, Wang J, Han EH, Ke W. Influence of dissolved oxygen on oxide films of alloy 690TT with different surface status in simulated primary water. Corros Sci. 2011;53(11):3623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. [30]
    Orozco P, Maldonado S, Muñiz R, Equihua F, Luna S. Effect of oxide films on formation of Fe-rich intermetallic phases in aluminum alloys. J Therm Anal Calorim. 2017;139:1.Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    Siddique M, Hussain N. Identification of iron oxides qualitatively/quantitatively formed during the high temperature oxidation of superalloys in air and steam environments. J Mater Sci Techol. 2009;25(4):479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Nonferrous Metals Society of China and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangChina

Personalised recommendations