Rare Metals

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Interface reaction during titanium alloys investment casting by residue gas in ceramic mold

  • Ya-Meng Wei
  • Zhi-Gang LuEmail author
  • Xin-Yi Li
  • Xin Guo


The chemical reaction between mold material and titanium melt during investment casting was studied intensively. However, the influence of residue gas in ceramic mold on interface reaction remains unclear. In this investigation, the effect of residue gas in Y2O3–silica sol shell mold on interface reaction during Ti–6Al–4V alloy investment casting was investigated. Two groups of shell molds were prepared by adding different kinds of pore formers, i.e., spherical starch particles or nylon fibers, respectively. Ti–6Al–4V alloy was cast under vacuum by gravity casting through cold crucible induction melting (CCIM) method. Porosity of different shell molds was measured based on Archimedean method. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) were employed to characterize the micromorphology and composition of the reaction area, respectively. White light interferometer (WLI) was used to obtain the surface topography of the shell mold. The results show that the direct chemical reaction is very weak for all specimens. The release of residue gas in closed pores is the key factor influencing surface defects. However, open pores make nearly no difference on the interface reaction.


Titanium alloy Investment casting Residue gas Y2O3 Silica sol 



This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 50875144).


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Copyright information

© The Nonferrous Metals Society of China and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of TribologyTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  3. 3.Academy of Opto-Eletronics, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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