Electrocatalytic characterization of Ni–Fe–TiO2 overlayers for hydrogen evolution reaction in alkaline solution
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The Ni–Fe–TiO2 overlayers on mild steel strips were prepared by electrochemical deposition. The layers were characterized morphologically by confocal laser scanning microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis. The layers exhibit a quasi-three-dimensional (3D) morphology in which the crystalline, TiO2, is embedded. Electrocatalytic activity of the Ni–Fe–TiO2 layers for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) was assessed by using pseudo-steady-state polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in alkaline solution. The results were compared with the properties of Ni–Fe electrodes and used for determining the mechanism and kinetics of HER. In comparison with Ni–Fe electrodes, the synthesized Ni–Fe–TiO2 electrodes present higher catalytic activity for HER due to the increase in the real surface area and high intrinsic electrocatalytic activity of titanium dioxide. The present study provides valuable insight for exploring practical applications of Ni-based alloys as hydrogen evolution electrodes.
KeywordsNi–Fe–TiO2 Hydrogen evolution reaction Electrodeposition Electrocatalytic activity
This study was financially supported by the Program of International S&T Cooperation of China (No. 2014DFR51130), the Science and Technology Planning Project of Beijing (No. Z161100001116080) and the Science and Technology Major Project of Beijing (No. Z171100002017014).
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