Evolution Process: Force of Nature or Will?

  • Kamales Kiumar MisraEmail author
  • Kankadeb Mishra
Review Article


An idea on existence of inner ‘will force’ of animal as primary mechanism of evolutionary process was published in this journal without providing any basic premise and explanation. The present article tried to point out how the concept of ‘will-force’ driven evolution lacks definition, consistency, clarity, rationality, evidences and scientific parsimonious explanation to address diverse evolutionary concepts.


Adaptive radiation Concerted evolution Natural selection Synthetic theory 



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Copyright information

© Zoological Society, Kolkata, India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departmet of ZoologyAsutosh CollegeKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of Medical Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Institute of Biomedicine, Sahlgrenska AcademyUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden

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