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Proceedings of the Zoological Society

, Volume 72, Issue 2, pp 107–110 | Cite as

Biology and Biorational Management of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae): A Global Challenge to Tomato Production

  • Jaydeep HalderEmail author
  • Deepak Kushwaha
  • A. B. Rai
  • B. Singh
Research Article
  • 73 Downloads

Abstract

South American tomato pinworm, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), a native to South America, is an emerging exotic pest of tomato and other solanaceous crops in India. In Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh the pest was first observed on the month of January, 2017. Being an invasive pest, information on its biology and ecofriendly management under local conditions are essential. Under laboratory conditions the biology of the pest reveals that, the incubation, larval and pupal periods were 4.23 ± 0.57, 9.40 ± 1.05 and 8.90 ± 1.05 days, respectively. Adult females lived longer (15.98 ± 1.36 days) than the adult males (11.68 ± 2.99). Gravid females laid 79.40 ± 6.75 eggs, whereas egg viability was 83.30 ± 3.47%. Amongst the different biopesticides, Bacillus thuringiensis var Kurstaki was found most promising causing 66.7 and 73.37% mortalities at 48 and 72 h after the treatment followed by B. subtilis-2 and the corresponding values were 53.36 and 66.70%, respectively. The present study will be helpful in developing future integrated management strategies of this exotic pest in India relevant to Indian cropping systems.

Keywords

Tuta absoluta Tomato Biological parameters Biopesticides Management 

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Copyright information

© Zoological Society, Kolkata, India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaydeep Halder
    • 1
    Email author
  • Deepak Kushwaha
    • 1
  • A. B. Rai
    • 1
  • B. Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Crop Protection DivisionICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable ResearchVaranasiIndia

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