Journal of the Geological Society of India

, Volume 94, Issue 3, pp 309–318 | Cite as

Hydrogeochemistry of High Fluoride Groundwater to Understand the Suitability of Groundwater for Drinking and Irrigation Purposes in Granulite Belt Part of Bhopalpatnam Area, Bijapur District, Chhattisgarh, India

  • Korsa Munna
  • Rajeeva GuheyEmail author
  • D. C. Jhariya
Research Articles


Present study describes the hydrogeochemistry of Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh, with the aim to understand fluoride concentration by geochemical behavior of groundwater, from recharge to discharge through factors such as rock weathering, aquifer lithology, cation exchange etc. Sixty-two representative groundwater samples from Bijapur District were collected during two different seasons pre-monsoon and post-monsoon (2016) and analyzed for major cations and anions. Results clearly demonstrate that the seasonal effect imposes a serious impact on the concentration of ions due to the dilution of water in pre-monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. High concentration of fluoride is observed during pre-monsoon (3.58 mg/L) and post-monsoon (3.12 mg/L) periods which are higher than the BIS permissible limit i.e. 1.5 mg/L. Gibbs diagram shows rock-water interaction dominance and evaporation dominance, which are responsible for the change in the quality of water in hard rock aquifer of the study area. Suitability of groundwater for drinking and irrigation purpose also assessed this study. Considering the findings from the present study, the study area needs special attention to ensure the supply of potable water to maintain sustainable life.


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Authors are thankful to the Principal, Govt. N.P.G. College of Science, Raipur (C.G.) and Director, National Institute of Technology, Raipur, (C.G.) for providing necessary facilities to complete the task. The authors are also grateful to Chhattisgarh Council of Science and Technology (CGCOST), Raipur for providing lab facilities. C.G. Korsa Munna is thankful to UGC for providing Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship (RGNF). The research is a part of PhD thesis of Mr. Korsa Munna.


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Copyright information

© Geol. Soc. India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeologyGovt.Nagarjuna Postgraduate College of ScienceRaipurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Applied GeologyNational Institute of Technology RaipurRaipurIndia

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