Advertisement

Journal of the Geological Society of India

, Volume 94, Issue 3, pp 238–244 | Cite as

A Field-scale Overview of Facies Architectures and Depositional Environment Integrating Core and Geophysical Log Data: Study from a Marginal Gondwana Basin, India

  • Souvik SenEmail author
  • Joyjit Dey
Research Articles
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

Karanpura field is the western most member of the E-W trending Damodar Valley basin, belonging to Indian Gondwana sedimentation. This paper aims to provide a field-scale depositional model of Permian Barakar Formation from Karanpura field in order to enlarge the knowledge of stratigraphic and facies architecture. The study reviews the findings from extensively available cores. Four major facies were defined, which represented a fluvial depositional environment. Observations from core analyses were integrated with high resolution geophysical log data to understand the stacking pattern and depositional cyclicity of Barakar Formation. The lateral and vertical distributions of the facies associations were highlighted by well correlations, which established major fining upwards depositional cycles in the area. The depositional model has been interpreted on a regional scale.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgement

Authors express their sincere gratitude to Dr. Prakash Kumar Singh, Associate Editor, Journal of the Geological Society of India for his timely communication and valuable suggestions. Authors are grateful to the two reviewers for their detailed review and suggestions, which improved the manuscript. JD is thankful to his previous employer Coal India Limited. SS thanks his employer Geologix Limited for giving the access of Coal characterization, XSection modules of GEO Suite of software, which were instrumental in correlations and various geophysical log based analyses. This work has only used all the previously published works (and dataset) that JD and SS did and aimed to summarize their previous findings here but with a focus on the depositional environment of Gondwana basin.

References

  1. Allen, J.R.L. (1970) Studies in fluviatile sedimentation: a comparison of fining-upwards cyclothems with special reference to coarse-member composition and interpretation. Jour. Sediment. Petrol., v.40, pp.298–323.Google Scholar
  2. Bhattacharya, B., Bandyopadhyay, S., Mahapatra, S., Banerjee, S. (2012) Record of tide-wave influence on the coal-bearing Permian Barakar Formation, Raniganj Basin, India. Sediment. Geol., v.267–268, pp.25–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Biswas, S.K. (1999) A review on the evolution of rift basins in India during Gondwana with special reference to Western Indian Basins and their hydrocarbon prospects. PINSA, v.65, pp.261–283.Google Scholar
  4. Bridge, J.S. (1984) Large-scale facies sequences in alluvial overbank environments. Jour. Sediment. Petrol., v.54, pp.583–588.Google Scholar
  5. Bridge, J.S. (1993) Description and interpretation of fluvial deposits: a critical perspective. Sedimentology, v.40, pp.801–810.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bridge, J.S. and Tye, R.S. (2000) Interpreting the dimensions of ancient fluvial channel bars, channels, and channel belts from wireline-logs and cores. AAPG Bull., v.84, pp.1205–1228.Google Scholar
  7. Cant, D.J. and Walker, R.G. (1976) Development of a braided fluvial facies model for the Devonian Battery Point Sandstone, Quebec. Canadian Jour. Earth Sci., v.13, pp.102–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Casshyap, S.M. (1970) Sedimentary cycles and environment of deposition of the Barakar coal measures of Lower Gondwana, India. Jour. Sediment. Petrol., v.40, pp.283–303.Google Scholar
  9. Casshyap, S.M. and Kumar, A. (1987) Fluvial Architecture of the Upper Permian Raniganj Coal Measure in the Damodar Basin, Eastern India. Sediment. Geol., v.51, pp.181–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Casshyap, S.M. and Tewari, R.C. (1984) Fluvial models of the Lower Permian Gondwana coal measures of Son- Mahanadi and Koel-Damodar basins. In: Rahmani, R.A. and Flores, R.M. (Eds.), Sedimentology of coal and coal bearing strata. Spec. Publ., Intl. Assoc. Sediment., v.7, pp.121–147.Google Scholar
  11. Casshyap, S.M. and Tewari, R.C. (1987) Depositional model and tectonic evolution of Gondwana basins. Palaeobotanist, v.36, pp.59–66.Google Scholar
  12. Casshyap, S.M. and Tewari, R.C. (2001) Lithofacies and sedimentation of Mid-Permian Lower Gondwana red beds of eastern Peninsular India. Contributions to Geology and Palaeontology of Gondwana in Honour of Helmut Wopfner, pp.63–72.Google Scholar
  13. Dey, J., Sen, S. and Bhattacharjee, S. (2018) Geophysical Log-based Coal Characterization of Middle Permian Barakar Formation from North Karanpura Coal Field, India. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.92, pp.36–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dey, J. and Sen, S. (2018) Sequence Stratigraphic Model of Middle Permian Barakar Formation from a Marginal Gondwana Basin, India. Jour. Earth Sci., v.29(4), pp.745–754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Galloway, W.E. and Hobday, D.K. (1996) Terrigenous clastic depositional systems, Application to fossil fuel and groundwater resources. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 489p.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gupta, A. (1999) Early Permian Palaeoenvironment in Damodar Valley Coalfield, India: an Overview. Gondwana Res., v.2(2), pp. 149–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hota, R.N. (2010) Coal Correlation and Intrabasinal Differential Subsidence - A Case Study from the Barakar Formation of Talchir Gondwana Basin, Orissa. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.75, pp.403–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kumar, A., Singh, A.K., Singh, Prakash K., Singh, Asha Lata, Jha, M.K. (2018) Demineralization study of high ash Permian coal with Pseudomonas mendocina strain B6-1: A case study of South Karanpura coalfield, Jharkhand, India. Energy & Fuels, v.32, pp.1080–1086.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mendhe, V.M., Kamble, A.D., Banerjee, M., Mishra, S., Mukherjee, S., Mishra, P. (2016) Evaluation of Shale Gas Reservoir in Barakar and Barren Measures Formations of North and South Karanpura Coalfields. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.88, pp.305–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mukhopadhyay, G., Mukhopadhyay, S.K., Roychowdhury, M., Parui, P.K. (2010) Stratigraphic Correlation between Different Gondwana Basins of India. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.76, pp.251–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Opluštil, S., Martínek, K., Tasáryová, Z. (2005) Facies and architectural analysis of fluvial deposits of the Nýøany Member and the Týnec Formation (Westphalian D - Barruelian) in the Kladno-Rakovník and Pilsen basins. Bull. Geosci., v.80(1), pp.45–66.Google Scholar
  22. Pettijohn, F.J. (1957) Paleocurrents of Lake Superior Precambrian quartzite. Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., v.68, pp.469–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pettijohn, F.J. (1975) Sedimentary Rocks, Harper and Row, New York, N.Y., 3rd ed., 628p.Google Scholar
  24. Priyadarshi, N. (2004) Distribution of arsenic in Permian Coals if North Karanpura coalfield, Jharkhand. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.63(5), pp.533–536.Google Scholar
  25. Rust, B.R. (1972) Structure and process in a braided river. Sedimentology, v.18, pp.221–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Singh, M.P., Singh, P.K., Singh, A.K. (2003) Petrography and Depositional environments of the Permian Coal Deposits of Deoghar Basins, Bihar. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.61(4), pp.419–438.Google Scholar
  27. Singh, M.P. and Singh, P.K. (1996) Petrographic characterization and evolution of the Permian coal deposits of the Rajmahal basin, Bihar, India. International Jour. Coal Geol., Elsevier, The Netherlands. v.29, pp.93–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sen, S. and Banerjee, S. (2015) Identifying relationship amongst Vitrinite/Inertinite ratio (V/I), Cleat parameters, Vitrinite Reflectance, O/C ratio and Permeability of coal seams & V/I as exploration tool - Study from Raniganj Coal bed Methane block of Essar Oil Limited, in Petroleum Geosciences: Indian Context, Springer Geology, pp.205–217.Google Scholar
  29. Sen, S. (2015) Review on coal petrographic indices and their applicability in paleoenvironmental interpretation. Geosciences Jour., v.20(5), pp.719–729.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sen, S., Das, N. and Maiti, D. (2016) Facies Analysis and Depositional Model of Late Permian Raniganj Formation: Study from Raniganj Coal Bed Methane Block. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.88, pp.503–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sen, S., Naskar, S. and Das, S. (2016) Discussion on the concepts in palaeoenvironmental reconstruction from coal macerals and petrographic indices. Marine and Petroleum Geology, v.73, pp.371–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sen, S. and Dey, J. (2018) Analysis of sedimentary architectures and depositional environment using core and geophysical logs - A case study from a marginal Gondwana basin, eastern India, in 3rd FOSI-IAS-SEPM Regional Seminar: Past & Present Sedimentation in Tropical Region, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, Sept 5–6, 2018.Google Scholar
  33. Tewari, R.C. (2005) Tectonic-stratigraphic-sedimentary events in Gondwana succession of Peninsular India. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, v.65, pp.636–638.Google Scholar
  34. Tewari, R.C. and Maejima, W. (2010) Origin of Gondwana basins of Peninsular India. Jour. Geosci., v.53, pp.43–49 (Osaka City University).Google Scholar
  35. Tye, R.S. (1991) Fluvial-sandstone reservoirs of the Travis Peak Formation, East Texas Basin. In: Miall, A.D. and Tyler, N. (Eds.), The Three-Dimensional Facies Architecture of Terrigenous Clastic Sediments and Its Implications for Hydrocarbon Discovery and Recovery. SEPM Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology, v.3, pp.172–188.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Geol. Soc. India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geologix LimitedMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.School of Earth and EnvironmentUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

Personalised recommendations