Journal of the Geological Society of India

, Volume 92, Issue 6, pp 713–720 | Cite as

Geology and Active Tectonics of the Lalmai Hills, Bangladesh–An Overview from Chittagong Tripura Fold Belt Perspective

  • Md. Sharif Hossain Khan
  • Md. Sakawat HossainEmail author
  • Md. Azim Uddin


The Lalmai Hills is a low amplitude anticline with significant variations in landforms, situated along the western fringe of the Chittagong-Tripura Fold Belt (CTFB) and immediate east of the Indo-Burmese deformation front. This fold belt of the Bengal Basin along with more easterly Indo-Burman Range (IBR) developed as a consequence of the oblique collision between Indian and Burmese plates. This neotectonic activity is still continuing and shaping the geomorphology of the area. This study is conducted based on the geomorphological observation of the topo maps and satellite images, and through reconnaissance field work. Stream length gradient index (SL Index) and Mountain front sinuosity (Smf) reveals the relative status of tectonic activity. Anomalous SL index values confirm the position of the sympathetic minor faults and also relate to the local stratigraphy. A 2D structural model based on the seismic section reveals thrusts controlled wedge-shape upliftment of the central part as pop-up anticlinal structure. The western thrust is the direct result of the collision of the Indian and Burmese plates, and the eastern one is the back thrust of the western fault. Low Smf value found in the western flank signifies recent tectonics and relatively high Smf value in the eastern flank indicates that weathering intensity is relatively greater compared to western flank. Finally, the findings not only enhanced the understanding of geomorphic evolution and active tectonics of the Lalmai Hills area but also the overall tectonic and geomorphic evolution of the western most folded part of the CTFB.


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Copyright information

© Geological Society of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Sharif Hossain Khan
    • 1
  • Md. Sakawat Hossain
    • 1
    Email author
  • Md. Azim Uddin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesJahangirnagar UniversityDhakaIndia

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