Journal of the Geological Society of India

, Volume 92, Issue 1, pp 92–100 | Cite as

Analysis of the Tectonic Stress Field of SE Sichuan and its Impact on the Preservation of Shale Gas in Lower Silurian Longmaxi Formation of the Dingshan Region, China

  • Tang Yong
  • Yang Fan
  • Qi Q. LvEmail author
  • Wen J. Tang
  • Hai K. Wang


Tectonic stress is one of the most active deformation factors in the Earth’s crust. Therefore, determinations of its mode of action and form of conversion are critical for guiding research that evaluates preservation conditions in shale gas. Through a survey that targeted many structural features, such as vertical folds and conjugated joints, we investigated the revolution characteristics of the tectonic stress field, the mode of action and the sequence of tectonic stress in the Dingshan region of SE Sichuan by structural analysis methods. Meanwhile, based on a geologic analysis of tectonic stress mechanisms, the structural stress in the region using finite element numerical simulations is quantitatively analyzed. The results show that the region has experienced tectonic stress fields over four different periods and in four different orientations: NW–SE, nearly N–S, nearly E–W and NE-SW. The NW-SE force occurred earlier than that of the nearly N–S force, followed by nearly E–W compression, and finally N–E force. It is concluded that the structural framework of the study area was formed by the effects of the NE-SW compressional stress, which is still active today. The simulation demonstrated that overlapping parts of the intensive strain zone had a higher maximum principal stress, particularly in areas of energy concentration. As for mud and shale, which show excellent sealing capacity, the key to preserving shale gas is the accumulation of energy and a low degree of breakage. Considering the nip-out line of the Longmaxi Formation in the Dingshan region, the buried depth limit of shale-gas production (4500 m), and fault length, the preservation conditions of shale gas and identified favorable targets within the Longmaxi Formation is evaluated.


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Copyright information

© Geological Society of India 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tang Yong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yang Fan
    • 3
  • Qi Q. Lv
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wen J. Tang
    • 4
  • Hai K. Wang
    • 5
  1. 1.Hubei Cooperative Innovation Center of Unconventional Oil and GasYangtze UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Tectonics & Petroleum Resource of the Ministry of EducationChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  3. 3.Wuxi Research Institute of Petroleum GeologySINOPECWuxi, JiangsuChina
  4. 4.Zhundong Oil Production FactoryXinjiang Oilfield Company CNPCFukang, Xin JiangChina
  5. 5.Jidong Oilfield Branch Exploration and Development Research InstituteCNPCTangshan, HebeiChina

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