Global Attenuation Relationship for Estimating Peak Ground Acceleration
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Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) is a very important ground motion parameter which is used to define the degree of ground shaking during an earthquake. It is also very helpful for designing earthquake resistant structure. The PGA can be estimated by attenuation relationships using magnitude, distance, source type etc of a ground motion. In the past, several researchers have developed over 450 attenuation relationships for predicting PGA for a specific region. In the present study an attempt has been made to develop an attenuation relationship on the basis of these available previous relationships in rock site which will be applicable for any region of the world. In the present study, PGA has been expressed as a function of moment magnitude and hypo-central distance in rock site. Chi-square test have also been performed with available earthquake data in American and Indian region for verifying the accuracy of the generated attenuation relationship. Using multiple regression and Genetic Algorithm (GA) the attenuation relationship equations have also been generated. These equations will be very helpful for performing seismic hazard analysis and predicting earthquake force in any region of the world.
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