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Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 1031–1040 | Cite as

New Fractal Evidence of Pacific Plate Subduction in the Late Mesozoic, Great Xing’an Range, Northeast China

  • Pingping Zhu
  • Qiuming ChengEmail author
  • Guoxiong Chen
Seismology, Mathematical and Remote Sensing Geology

Abstract

Late Mesozoic granitoids are widespread in the Great Xing’an Range (GXR), which is part of a large igneous province in eastern China. The geodynamic setting of the Late Mesozoic granitoids is still debated, and there have been two dominant models proposed, subduction and thermal erosion. This study discusses the geodynamic mechanisms from a new perspective on ages of the granitoids and fractal dimensions of their shape. Our results show that granitoids become gradually older from South GXR to North GXR to Erguna Block (EB) in the Jurassic, and opposite in the Cretaceous. The fractal dimensions of the Perimeter-area model (DAP) exhibit the same features. The values of DAP are smaller from South GXR (0.673 1) to North GXR (0.628 0) to EB (0.607 9) in the Jurassic, and larger from South GXR (0.609 6) to North GXR (0.630 2) to EB (0.639 9) in the Cretaceous. This implies that the geometrical irregularities of the granitoids were shaped by subduction, rather than thermal erosion. These spatial variations could be best explained by the subduction of the Pacific Plate and consequent granitoid magmatism in the late Mesozoic, thus providing a new fractal evidence for Pacific Plate subduction mechanism and opening a new possibilities method for study plate movement.

Key words

granitoids Late Mesozoic fractal dimension Pacific subduction Great Xing’an Range northeast China geochemistry 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This paper was jointly supported by the National Key R & D Program of China (No. 2016YFC0600501), the Open Research Project of The Hubei Key Laboratory of Intelligent Geo- Information Processing 295 (No. KLIGIP-2017A03), the National and Nature Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41430320, 41572315). Eric C. Grunsky, from the University of Waterloo, is thanked for writing suggestions, which was greatly improved the quality of the manuscript. We thank Ziye Wang and Jian Wang for providing analytical assistance. We are grateful to Prof. Yongqing Chen and another anonymous reviewer for their thoughtful and constructive reviews on this manuscript. The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-019-1216-y.

Supplementary material

12583_2019_1216_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.6 mb)
Table S1 The published ages of granite plutons in Mesozoic, Great Xing’an Range, Northeast China

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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, Part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Earth Sciences and ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Geological Processes and Mineral ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina

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