Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 938–951 | Cite as

Nd Isotopic and Model Age Study of the Shandong Province, North China Craton: Implications for Correlation with South Korea

  • Feifei Liu
  • Yaoqi ZhouEmail author
Petrology, Mineralogy and Geochemistry


The geological units in Shandong Province, North China are important parts of the North China Craton and offer important insights into their crustal evolutionary history. This work compiled 611 sets of Nd isotopic data of Archean-Mesozoic rocks from Shandong including the Luxi, Jiaobei, and Sulu terranes, which provided important constraints for crustal growth and reactivation. Nd-depleted mantle model ages (TDM) of Archean rocks with positive εNd(t) values showed that ca. 2.9 and 2.8-2.7 Ga were the most important periods of crustal growth in the Jiaobei and Luxi terranes, respectively, while the period of ca. 2.6-2.5 Ga in the Jiaobei terrane likely indicated a coherent event of crustal growth and reworking. During the Proterozoic, multi-stage rifting and collisional orogenic events possibly led to the reworking of Archean crust in the source region. The Nd isotopic data of the Paleoproterozoic and Neoproterozoic rocks from Sulu indicated significant reworking of older crust with juvenile magmatic input. Crustal reactivation occurred during the Mesozoic. The younger TDM ages of the Mesozoic rocks with low negative εNd(t) values indicated that a juvenile crustal/mantle component was added to the ancient basement. The reactivation reflected significant crust-mantle interaction via the mechanism of crustal subduction and mantle-derived magma un-derplating, or possibly asthenospheric upwelling. Our work also attempted to establish the crustal correlation between Shandong and Korea (including the Gyeonggi massif, Ogcheon belt, and Yeongnam massif). The TDM age distribution provided evidence favoring the affinity relationship between the Gyeonggi massif and Ogcheon belt of South Korea and the Jiaobei and Sulu terranes of Shandong, while the Yeongnam massif was more correlated with the South China Block.

Key words

Nd model age crustal growth crust reactivation Shandong geochemistry Korea 


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This work was supported by a scientific and technological innovation project of Shandong Province (No. 2017CXGC1608). The author Feifei Liu acknowledges the China Scholarship Council (CSC) for a doctoral fellowship. The authors would like to thank Sung-Tack Kwon (Yongsei University, Seoul, Korea) for assistance with the Sm-Nd isotopic analysis. The final publication is available at Springer via

Supplementary material

12583_2019_1213_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (90 kb)
Published whole rock Sm-Nd isotope data for the igneous and metamorphic rocks in the Shandong Province, North China Craton

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© China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, Part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of GeosciencesChina University of PetroleumQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Function Laboratory for Marine Mineral Resource Geology and ExplorationNational Laboratory for Marine Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina

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