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Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 1020–1030 | Cite as

Applicability of Two Newmark Models in the Assessment of Coseismic Landslide Hazard and Estimation of Slope-Failure Probability: An Example of the 2008 Wenchuan Mw 7.9 Earthquake Affected Area

  • Siyuan Ma
  • Chong XuEmail author
Seismology, Mathematical and Remote Sensing Geology
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

This paper presents the landslide hazard assessment and slope-failure function using two Newmark displacement models regressed by regional and global station records. Taking the 2008 Wenchuan Mw 7.9 earthquake area as an example, based on the topographic and geological data of the study area, we prepared a factor-of-safety (Fs) map and a critical acceleration (ac) map, respectively. Then using these two simplified Newmark models, two displacement maps were compiled by combining the ac map and peak ground acceleration (PGA) map. By virtue of the actual landslide inventory of the W enchuan earthquake, we constructed the slope-failure probability curves of the two Newmark models. The results show that the abilities to predict landslide occurrence of the two simplified Newmark models are largely identical, by which the assessment results can well delineate the macroscopic distribution of coseismic landslides, and most predicted landslide cells are distributed on the two sides of the Beichuan-Yingxiu fault, especially Pengguan complex rock mass in the hanging wall of this fault. The probability equations of two Newmark models are roughly the same, though the parameters vary slightly. The probability equation proposed in this paper can be applied to the Wenchuan region and other areas with similar tectonic environments.

Key words

Wenchuan earthquake seismic landslides Newmark displacement peak ground acceleration (PGA

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41661144037). The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/sl2583-019-0874-0.

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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, Part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Active Tectonics and Volcano, Institute of GeologyChina Earthquake AdministrationBeijingChina

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