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Deep Duplex Thrust in the Sangzhi-Shimen Tectonic Belt, in the West Hunan and Hubei Areas

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Abstract

Recent studies indicate that there is a large buried body developing in the Sangzhi-Shimen tectonic belt, which is between the Xuefeng intracontinental deformation system and the Xiangexi tectonic belt. In order to explore the tectonic evolution and main deformation-controlling factors of the buried body, we carried out a series of studies and built two new models based on the latest seismic data and fault-related fold theory. These new models show that the deformation of the buried body in the north segment of the study area is different from that in the middle-south segment. After further study, we found the main factors leading to these differences were: (1) the magnitude of the principal stress, (2) the range of tectonic movements, and (3) the morphology and the depth of the basement detachment. Subsequently, with the physical simulation experiments, a 3D evolution model of the study area was built.

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Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the National Science and Technology Major Projects (No. 2011ZX05008-001) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 40739906, 41272237). We express our sincere thanks to Exploration and Development Research Institute of Jianghan Oilfield Company, SINOPEC provides the logging data and seismic profile! We also thank all the reviewers who provide insightful and constructive comments and suggestions that helped the authors to improve their papers significantly. The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-019-0873-1

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Correspondence to Xuliang Zhang.

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Zhang, X., He, D. Deep Duplex Thrust in the Sangzhi-Shimen Tectonic Belt, in the West Hunan and Hubei Areas. J. Earth Sci. 31, 79–90 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-019-0873-1

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Key words

  • Sangzhi-Shimen tectonic belt
  • concealed structures
  • deformation-controlling factors
  • basement detachment
  • evolution model
  • faulting