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Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 158–175 | Cite as

Lacustrine Basin Fills in an Early Cretaceous Half-Graben, Jiuquan Basin, NW China: Controlling Factors and Implications for Source Rock Depositional Processes and Heterogeneity

  • Chengcheng Zhang
  • Hua WangEmail author
  • Si Chen
  • Junjie Yu
  • Yuantao Liao
  • Zongsheng Lu
  • Jun Wei
Article
  • 1 Downloads

Abstract

Studies on basin fills have provided significant insights into reservoir distribution and prediction in petroliferous basins, however, the effect of basin fills on source rock properties has been underexplored. This paper documents basin filling characteristics and their implications for depositional processes and heterogeneity of source rock in the Qingnan subsag of the Jiuquan Basin, by using subsurface geological data from recent hydrocarbon exploration efforts in this area. Drill core data reveals that the basin fill of the Qingnan subsag was dominated by fan delta-lacustrine systems, in which deposition of the fan deltas along the basin margin was mainly through gravity flows. The temporal and spatial evolution of the depositional systems indicates that the basin fill was characterized by a continuously retrogradational process, with decreasing extent of fan deltas in vertical succession. Weakening of tectonic activities and climate change from humid to semi-arid are interpreted to be the main control factors that were responsible for the retrogradational basin fill. The different depositional environments in the early stage and late stage of the retrogradational basin filling history resulted in the different depositional processes and properties of source rocks. This study suggests that source rock heterogeneity associated with basin fills in lacustrine basins should be considered in hydrocarbon exploration.

Key words

basin fills source rock depositional process rift basin Jiuquan Basin 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) Program (No. 41472084), the Major National Petroleum Program in the ‘Thirteenth Five-Year’ Plan (No. 2016ZX05006-006-002), the Comprehensive Geological Survey Project of Ningde Coastal Zone (No. DD20189505), the Open Fund of Evaluation and Detection Technology Laboratory of Marine Mineral Resources, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (No. KC201701), and the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (No. ZR2016DB29). We thank the Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development of Yumen Oilfield for providing the abundant and valuable data. The authors are very grateful to the four anonymous reviewers, whose comments and suggestions greatly improved the quality of the manuscript. We also would like to thank Dr. James Muirhead at Syracuse University for his help in correcting the English throughout the manuscript. The final publication is available at Springer via  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-017-0953-z.

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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nanjing CenterChina Geological SurveyNanjingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources, Ministry of EducationChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  3. 3.School of Earth SciencesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  4. 4.PetroChina Yumen Oilfield CompanyYumenChina

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