Journal of Earth Science

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 142–157 | Cite as

Relations of Uranium Enrichment and Carbonaceous Debris within the Daying Uranium Deposit, Northern Ordos Basin

  • Fan Zhang
  • Yangquan JiaoEmail author
  • Liqun Wu
  • Hui Rong
  • Longhui Wang


Carbonaceous debris (CD) is widely distributed in the sandstone of the Daying Uranium Deposit, northern Ordos Basin, and coexists with uranium minerals, which provides a favorable case for studying their relationship. Vitrinite reflectance (VR), macerals, moisture, volatile matter, ash, total sulfur (St) and uranium concentration of CD within the sandstone were studied. The results show that VR ranges from 0.372 %Ro to 0.510 %Ro with an average value of 0.438 %Ro, indicating that CD is in the stage of lignite. The contents of vitrinite (V), inertinite (I) and minerals range from 83.18%–99.48%, 0–7.70%, and 0.34%–15.72%, respectively, with the corresponding average value of 95.51%, 1.34%, and 3.15%, respectively which indicates that V is the major maceral. Moisture on air dried basis (Mad), volatile matter yield on dry, ash-free basis (Vdaf), ash yield on dried basis (Ad) and St mostly range from 7.95%–16.09%, 44.70%–66.54%, 4.84%–26.24% and 0.24%–1.12%, respectively, while their average values are 12.43%, 53.41%, 16.57% and 0.77%, respectively. It suggests that CD is of medium-high moisture, super-high volatile matter, low-medium ash and low sulfur. Uranium concentration ranges from 29 ppm to 92 ppm with an average value of 50 ppm, and uranium concentration increases with the decreased distance to CD. On the whole, Mad and Vdaf decrease with increasing burial depth, which indicates that CD experienced the burial metamorphism. However, Mad and Vdaf obviously decrease in uranium-rich areas whereas Ad and St noticeably increase. Comprehensive studies suggest that there is a certain relationship between uranium enrichment and CD. CD in the stage of lignite helps the adsorption of uranium. On one hand, radioactivity uranium enrichment makes organic matter maturation increase with a decrease in moisture and volatile matter. On the other hand, an increase in organic matter maturation, caused by radioactivity uranium enrichment, results in an increase in uranium minerals, which is instructive in the study of regional uranium mineralization and metallogenic regularity.

Key words

carbonaceous debris coal property parameters Daying Uranium Deposit Ordos Basin 


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This study was supported by the 973 Project (No. 2015CB453003), Open Fund of Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources (China University of Geosciences), Ministry of Education (No. TPR-2015-09), Geological Survey Foundation of Ministry of Finance of the People’s Republic of China (No. 12120115013701), Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41502105), and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (No. G1323511660). We are appreciative of the collaboration with and enthusiastic support from Aisheng Miao, Yunbiao Peng and many other coworkers from No. 208 Geological Brigade of China Nuclear Corporation in this study. Besides, we thank Sidong Pan from Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources (China University of Geosciences), Ministry of Education for providing guidance during testing samples. We thank Journal of Earth Science editors and reviewers for their thorough and critical reviews of an early version of this manuscript and suggestions to improve the manuscript. The final publication is available at Springer via

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Copyright information

© China University of Geosciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources, Ministry of EducationChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Earth ResourcesChina University of GeosciencesWuhanChina
  3. 3.No. 208 Geological BrigadeIinner Mongolia Nuclear IndustryBaotouChina

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