Differentiation of Continental Subduction Mode: Numerical Modeling
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The convergence of the multi-layered continental lithospheres with variable and complex thermal and rheological properties results in various modes of continental collision with distinct deformation behavior of the lithospheric mantle. Using high-resolution thermo-mechanical numerical models, we systematically investigated the effects of crustal rheological strength and the convergence rate on the continental subduction mode. The model results reveal three basic modes of continental subduction, including slab break-off, steep subduction and continental flat-slab subduction. Whether lithospheric mantle of the overriding plate retreats or not during convergence enables the division of the first two modes into two sub-types, which are dominated by the crustal rheological strength. The mode of slab break-off develops under the conditions of low/moderate rheological strength of the continental crust and low convergence rate. In contrast, continental flat-slab subduction favors the strong crust and the high convergence rate. Otherwise, continental steep subduction occurs. The numerical results provide further implications for Geodynamics conditions and physical processes of different modes of continental collision that occur in nature.
Key Wordscontinental subduction slab break-off steep subduction continental flat-slab subduction numerical modeling
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This work was supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program (B) of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDB18000000), the NSFC Project (Nos. 41622404, 41688103, U1701641 and 41704091), the 973 Project (No. 2015CB856106). Numerical simulations were run with the clusters of National Supercomputer Center in Guangzhou (Tianhe-II). The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-017-0946-y.
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