Subepicardial left ventricular aneurysm with ventricular septum perforation
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Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Megumi Shimada and Makoto Akaishi declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
Human rights statements
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later revisions.
Informed consent to be included in the study was obtained from the patient’s son.