Graduating from food insecurity: evidence from graduation projects in Burundi and Rwanda

  • Stephen DevereuxEmail author
  • Keetie Roelen
  • Ricardo Sabates
  • Rachel Sabates-Wheeler
  • Dimitri Stoelinga
  • Arnaud Dyevre
Original Paper


Graduation model programmes deliver a package of support to poor households, including cash and asset transfers, training and coaching, and access to savings facilities. They have been shown to reduce extreme poverty but evidence for their impacts on household food security is limited. Drawing on multiple-round evaluations of graduation projects in Burundi and Rwanda, this paper demonstrates statistically significant impacts on several food security indicators, including months of hunger, meals per day and dietary diversity. Importantly, positive impacts were sustained for households that were re-interviewed 2 years after they exited the programme.


Cash transfers Dietary diversity Food security Graduation model Impact evaluation Burundi Rwanda 



This paper is based on research that was commissioned by Concern Worldwide. The authors thank Concern Worldwide staff in Dublin, Burundi and Rwanda for their support throughout the research process, as well as graduation programme participants for responding to the surveys. The findings, interpretations and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the policies or views of Concern Worldwide.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© International Society for Plant Pathology and Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Development StudiesBrightonUK
  2. 2.Faculty of EducationUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  3. 3.LateriteKigaliRwanda
  4. 4.London School of EconomicsLondonUK

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