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Effects of water temperature and prey density on recent growth of chub mackerel Scomber japonicus larvae and juveniles along the Pacific coast of Boso–Kashimanada

  • Makoto TagaEmail author
  • Yasuhiro Kamimura
  • Yoh Yamashita
Original Article Biology

Abstract

The effects of temperature and prey density on the recent growth rate (RGR) of chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus, were examined. Scomber spp. larvae and juveniles were collected along the Boso–Kashimanada Pacific coast in Japan between March and July in 2015 and 2016. Larvae and juveniles identified as S. japonicus using DNA were subjected to stomach-content and otolith-increment analyses. The effects of temperature and prey density on RGR were analyzed using a generalized linear mixed model (GLMM), which showed that temperature positively affected the RGR of larvae in the body length (BL) classes < 5 mm, 5–7 mm, 7–9 mm and 9–11 mm. Prey density also affected growth in the < 5 mm, 5–7 mm, 7–9 mm and > 11 mm classes and effects of prey density on RGR for larger (> 11 mm) larvae and juveniles were stronger than those for smaller (< 9 mm) larvae. S. japonicus larvae transform into juveniles at around 12 mm BL, and the increased feed demands of juveniles likely lead to prey-density-dependent growth. The otolith increment widths of larvae and juveniles were significantly narrower than those during the same stages in 1-year-old S. japonicus collected from purse seine fisheries operated in the Joban or Kashimanada areas, suggesting growth-dependent mortality.

Keywords

Chub mackerel Growth Otolith Prey Stomach contents Temperature 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the captain, officers and crews of the RV Ibarakimaru for helping with sample collection. We are grateful to R. Yukami and S. Furuichi of the National Research Institute of Fisheries Science for advice on the data and statistical analysis, M. Saito of Suidosha Co. Ltd. for help with the otolith analysis. We also thank all colleagues at Ibaraki Prefectural Fisheries Research Institute. This study was financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan.

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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ibaraki Prefectural Fisheries Research InstituteHitachinakaJapan
  2. 2.Field Science Education and Research CenterKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  3. 3.National Research Institute of Fisheries ScienceJapan Fisheries Research and Education AgencyYokohamaJapan

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