Advertisement

Fisheries Science

, Volume 85, Issue 5, pp 813–819 | Cite as

Effect of feed deprivation on compensatory growth in juvenile rock bream Oplegnathus fasciatus

  • Sung-Young Oh
  • Jeonghwan ParkEmail author
Original Article Aquaculture

Abstract

A feed-deprivation study was conducted for 9 weeks with four feeding regimes, estimating compensatory growth and proximate composition of rock bream Oplegnathus fasciatus (56.0 ± 0.9 g). Feeding regimes included continuous feeding (control), feed-deprivation for 1 week (S1) in week 3, for 2 weeks (S2, weeks 2–3), and for 3 weeks (S3, weeks 1–3). Following 3 weeks, fish were on a continuous feeding regime for the remaining period. Complete compensation was achieved in S1 and S2 after resuming feeding for 3 weeks and 6 weeks. Although specific growth rate, feeding rate and feed efficiency in S3 were higher than in the control during the feeding resumption period, S3 fish did not catch up the body weight of control fish by the end of the experiment. At the end of the feed-deprivation period, the ratio of lipid to lean body mass and the levels of protein, lipid, and energy in S1, S2 and S3 were lower than those in the control. After feeding resumption for 6 weeks, protein and lipid contents in S3 were significantly (P < 0.05) lower than those in the control. Rock bream with single-phase feed-deprivation for 1–2 weeks could exhibit full compensatory growth after feeding resumption for 3–6 weeks under our experimental conditions.

Keywords

Compensatory growth Fasting Feed intake Oplegnathus fasciatus 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported in part by the project titled “Development of Fish Aquaculture Technology using the Net Cage at Coastal Area of Ulleung Island (Project No. 20150367, PM60410)” funded by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, Republic of Korea and “Technology Development of Long-term Environmental Monitoring System and the Safety Standards of Maritime Activities to Solve Environmental and Safety Issues due to the Offshore Wind Farm of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP, No. 20163010024660, PN67850)” granted financial resources from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea. The authors thank Luke A. Roy for his helpful comments and revisions on an early version of the manuscript.

References

  1. Ali M, Nicieza A, Wootton RJ (2003) Compensatory growth in fishes: a response to growth depression. Fish Fish 4:147–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barton BA (2000) Salmonid fishes differ in their cortisol and glucose responses to handling and transport stress. N Am J Aquac 62:12–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bavčević L, Klanjšček T, Karamarko V, Aničić I, Legović T (2010) Compensatory growth in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) compensates weight, but not length. Aquaculture 301:57–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Biswas AK, Seoka M, Ueno K, Yong ASK, Biswas BK, Kim Y, Takii K, Kumai H (2008) Growth performance and physiology responses in striped knifejaw, Oplegnathus fasciatus, held under different photoperiods. Aquaculture 279:42–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Biswas A, Kazushige I, Takii K (2010) Feeding interval and photoperiod influence the growth performance of striped knifejaw, Oplegnathus fasciatus. Aquac Res 41:e517–e523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blanquet I, Oliva-Teles A (2010) Effect of feed restriction on the growth performance of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus L.) juveniles under commercial rearing conditions. Aquac Res 41:1255–1260Google Scholar
  7. Bull CD, Metcalfe NB (1997) Regulation of hyperphagia in response to varying energy deficits in overwintering juvenile Atlantic salmon. J Fish Biol 50:498–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cho YJ, Cho SH (2009) Compensatory growth of olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, fed extruded pellets with different feeding regimes. J World Aquac Soc 40:505–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cho SH, Lee SM, Park BH (2006) Compensatory growth of juvenile olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus L. and changes in proximate composition and body condition indexes during fasting after refeeding in summer season. J World Aquac Soc 37:168–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dobson SH, Holmes RM (1984) Compensatory growth in rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri Richardson. J Fish Biol 25:649–656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Foss A, Imsland AK, Vikingstad E, Stefansson SO, Norberg B, Pedersen S, Sandvik T, Roth B (2009) Compensatory growth in Atlantic halibut: effect of starvation and subsequent feeding on growth, maturation, feed utilization and flesh quality. Aquaculture 290:304–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hayward RS, Noltie DB, Wang N (1997) Use of compensatory growth to double hybrid sunfish growth rates. Trans Am Fish Soc 126:316–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jobling M (2010) Are compensatory growth and catch-up growth two sides of the same coin? Aquac Int 18:501–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jobling M, Johansen SJS (1999) The lipostat, hyperphagia and catch-up growth. Aquacult Res 30:473–478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jobling M, Meloy OH, Dos Santos J, Christiansen B (1994) The compensatory growth response of the Atlantic cod: effects of nutritional history. Aquac Int 2:75–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Johansen SJS, Ekli M, Stangnes B, Jobling M (2001) Weight gain and lipid deposition in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, during compensatory growth: evidence for lipostatic regulation? Aquac Res 32:963–974CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jung SJ, Oh MJ (2000) Iridovirus-like infection associated with high mortalities of striped beakperch, Oplegnathus fasciatus (Temminck et Schlegel), in southern coastal areas of the Korean peninsula. J Fish Dis 23:223–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Känkänen M, Pirhonen J (2009) The effect of intermittent feeding on feed intake and compensatory growth of whitefish Coregonus lavaretus L. Aquaculture 288:92–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kim SS, Rahimnejad S, Kim KW, Lee KJ (2013) Partial replacement of fish meal with Sprirulina pacifica in diets for parrot fish (Oplegnathus fasciatus). Turk J Fish Aquat Sci 13:197–204Google Scholar
  20. Kim KW, Kim KD, Han HS, Moniruzzaman M, Yun H, Lee S, Bai SC (2017) Optimum dietary protein level and protein-to-energy ratio for growth of juvenile parrot fish, Oplegnathus fasciatus. J World Aquacult Soc 48:467–477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lim S, Lee K (2009) Partial replacement of fish meal by cottonseed meal and soybean meal with iron and phytase supplementation for parrot fish Oplegnathus fasciatus. Aquaculture 290:283–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mattila J, Koskela J, Pirhonen J (2009) The effect of the length of repeated feed deprivation between single meals on compensatory growth of pikeperch Sander lucioperca. Aquaculture 296:65–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Oh SY, Venmathi Maran BA (2015) Feeding frequency influences growth, feed consumption and body composition of juvenile rock bream (Oplegnathus fasciatus). Aquac Int 23:175–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Oh SY, Noh CH, Cho SH (2007) Effect of restricted feeding regimes on compensatory growth and body composition of red sea bream, Pagrus major. J World Aquac Soc 38:443–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Oh SY, Noh CH, Kang RS (2008) Compensatory growth and body composition of juvenile black rockfish Sebastes schlegeli following feed deprivation. Fish Sci 74:846–852CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Oh SY, Kim MS, Kwon JY, Venmathi Maran BA (2013) Effects of feed restriction to enhance the profitable farming of blackhead seabream Acanthopagrus schlegelii schlegelii in sea cages. Ocean Sci J 48:263–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Peres H, Satos S, Oliva-Teles A (2011) Lack of compensatory growth response in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) juveniles following starvation and subsequent refeeding. Aquaculture 318:384–388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Qian X, Cui Y, Xiong B, Yang Y (2000) Compensatory growth, feed utilization and activity in Gibel carp, following feed deprivation. J Fish Biol 56:228–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Reigh RC, Williams MB, Jacob BJ (2006) Influence of repetitive periods of fasting and satiation feeding on growth and production characteristics of channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. Aquaculture 254:506–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rueda FM, Martinez FJ, Zamora S, Kentouri M, Divanach P (1998) Effect of fasting and refeeding on growth and body composition of red porgy, Pagrus pagrus L. Aquac Res 29:447–452Google Scholar
  31. Russell NR, Wootton RJ (1992) Appetite and growth compensation in the European minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus (Cyprinidae) following short periods of food restriction. Environ Biol Fishes 34:277–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Tian X, Qin JG (2003) A single phase of food deprivation provoked compensatory growth in barramundi Lates calcarifer. Aquaculture 224:169–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tian X, Qin JG (2004) Effects of previous ration restriction on compensatory growth in barramundi Lates calcarifer. Aquaculture 235:273–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Urbinati EC, Sarmiento SJ, Takahashi LS (2014) Short-term cycles of feed deprivation and refeeding promote full compensatory growth in the Amazon fish matrinxã (Brycon amazonicus). Aquaculture 433:430–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wang Y, Cui Y, Yang Y, Cai F (2000) Compensatory growth in hybrid tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus × O. niloticus reared in seawater. Aquaculture 189:101–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang Y, Cui Y, Yang Y, Cai F (2005) Partial compensatory growth in hybrid tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus × O. niloticus following food deprivation. J Appl Ichthyol 21:389–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wieser W, Krumschnalbel GY, Ojwang-Okwor JP (1992) The energetics of starvation and growth after refeeding in juveniles of three cyprinid species. Environ Biol Fish 33:63–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wilber DH, Clarke DG (2001) Biological effects of suspended sediments: a review of suspended sediment impacts on fish and shellfish with relation to dredging activities in estuaries. N Am J Fish Manag 21:855–875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wu L, Xie S, Cui Y, Wootton RJ (2003) Effect of cycles of feed deprivation on growth and food consumption of immature three-spined sticklebacks and European minnows. J Fish Biol 62:184–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Xie S, Zhu X, Cui Y, Wootton RJ, Lei W, Yang Y (2001a) Compensatory growth in Gibel carp following feed deprivation: temporal patterns in growth, nutrient deposition, feed intake and body composition. J Fish Biol 58:999–1009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Xie S, Zhu X, Cui Y, Wootton RJ (2001b) Comparison of compensatory growth responses of juvenile three-spined stickleback and minnow under same deprivation protocols. J Fish Biol 58:1149–1165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhu X, Xie S, Lei W (2005) Compensatory growth in the Chinese longsnout catfish, Leiocassis longirostris following feed deprivation: temporal patterns in growth, nutrient deposition, feed intake and body composition. Aquaculture 248:307–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marine Bio-Resources Research UnitKorea Institute of Ocean Science and TechnologyBusanKorea
  2. 2.Department of Marine Bio-Materials and AquaculturePukyong National UniversityBusanKorea

Personalised recommendations