Fisheries Science

, Volume 85, Issue 3, pp 521–532 | Cite as

Isolation and molecular characterization of hemocyte sub-populations in kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus

  • Keiichiro Koiwai
  • Hidehiro Kondo
  • Ikuo HironoEmail author
Original Article Biology


Crustacean hemocytes, which have usually been classified morphologically based on methods using Giemsa or May-Giemsa stains, have recently been categorized using monoclonal antibodies or marker genes. However, these latter techniques are not yet widely used, and different classification methods are used for hemocytes among laboratories. Therefore, we aimed to develop a molecular classification method that can be widely used by researchers. The method we have developed uses lectins and magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) to isolate sub-populations of hemocytes. Two lectins, wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) and tomato lectin (Lycopersicon esculentum lectin; LEL), characteristically bind to hemocytes, which allows them to be classified into three sub-populations. Furthermore, different sub-populations of hemocyte can be isolated by using LEL and MACS. These sub-populations were characterized as non-granular and granular hemocytes, and the accumulation patterns of the gene transcripts were consistent with the results of a functional analysis reported previously. The lectin-based hemocyte isolation method developed in this study has good reproducibility.


Lectin staining Transcriptomics Magnetic-activated cell sorting Crustacean Invertebrate Immunity 



This work was supported by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Grant-in-Aid for a JSPS research fellow (grant no. 16J08185) to K. Koiwai and a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A) (grant no. 15H02462) to I. Hirono. All the sequences from total, LELDim and LELStrong hemocytes are archived together with the raw data at the DDBJ Sequence Read Archive under accession no. DRA007926.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest with regard to the contents of this article.

Supplementary material

12562_2019_1311_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (113 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 112 kb)


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Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Genome ScienceTokyo University of Marine Science and TechnologyKonanJapan

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