Advertisement

Impact of nighttime hypoxia on ark shell Scapharca broughtonii mortality on a semi-enclosed embayment seabed

  • Kei Senbokuya
  • Shiho Kobayashi
  • Noriyuki Ookei
  • Yoh Yamashita
Original Article Aquaculture

Abstract

The ark shell Scapharca broughtonii population has decreased markedly in recent years in Nanao Bay, a semi-enclosed embayment in Japan. Continuous measurement of dissolved oxygen (DO) at the bottom of Nanao Bay was performed, and S. broughtonii survival rates were investigated experimentally and in situ. In summer the DO concentration showed diel variation, with generally sufficient oxygen during the day but concentrations < 2 mg/l at night. In rearing experiments to investigate their physiological state, ark shells were placed in a tank designed to produce hypoxic conditions at night. Blood succinate levels in the ark shells increased, and all individuals were dead after 35 days. The results of the study indicate that the main cause of mortality of S. broughtonii on the seabed in Nanao Bay is hypoxia at night.

Keywords

Infaunal bivalve Dissolved oxygen Enclosed waters Shallow waters Succinate 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the former union president, the late Mr. S. Nishizaki, and the counselor, Mr. Y. Kusunoki, of the Nanao branch of the Ishikawa Prefecture Fisheries Cooperative Associations. We also thank the staff of the Ishikawa Fisheries Research Center. This work was financially supported by the Nippon Life Insurance Foundation and the Link Again Program of the Nippon Foundation.

References

  1. Aoki S, Yanagiuchi T, Mizuno Y, Okamoto K, Hino A (2011) Differences in bivalve assemblages of artificial and natural tidal flats in inner Tokyo Bay. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 77:606–615 (in Japanese with English abstract) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brooks SPJ, de Zwaan A, Thillart G, Cattani O, Cortesi P, Storey KB (1991) Differential survival of Venus gallina and Scapharca inaequivalvis during anoxic stress: covalent modification of phosphofructokinase and glycogen phosphorylase during anoxia. J Comp Physiol B 161:207–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cho ES, Jung CG, Sohn SG, Kim CW, Han SJ (2007) Population genetic structure of the ark shell Scapharca broughtonii Schrenck from Korea, China, and Russia based on COI gene sequences. Mar Biotechnol 9:203–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. D’Avanzo C, Kremer JN (1994) Diel oxygen dynamics and anoxic events in and eutrophic estuary of Waquoit Bay Massachusetts. Estuaries 17:131–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. de Zwaan A, Cortesi P, Thillart G, Roos J, Storey KB (1991) Differential sensitivities to hypoxia by two anoxia-tolerant marine molluscs: a biochemical analysis. Mar Biol 111:343–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hibino J, Shinagawa A (2009) Chap. 6 Impacts and countermeasures of hypoxia in the metabolic physiology of Asari clams. In: Ikuta K et al (eds) Asari clams and river basin environment:mainly focusing on the case of Ise Bay and Mikawa Bay. Kouseisha-kouseikaku, Tokyo, pp 87–97 (in Japanese) Google Scholar
  7. Hochachka PW (1980) Living without oxygen: closed and open systems in hypoxic tolerance. Harvard University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Honda M, Gunjikake H, Matsui S, Moroishi J, Kang IJ, Shimasaki Y, Oshima Y (2010) The effect of hypoxia on respiratory metabolism of ark shell (Scapharca kagoshimensis). Sci Bull Fac Agr Kyushu Univ 65:31–37 (in Japanese with English abstract) Google Scholar
  9. Jovanovic Z, Larsen M, Organo Quintana C, Kristensen E, Glud RN (2014) Oxygen dynamics and porewater transport in sediments inhabited by the invasive polychaete Marenzelleria viridis. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 504:181–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kanaya G, Kikuchi E (2011) Influences of anthropogenic eutrophication on estuarine benthic ecosystems. Chikyu Kankyo 16:33–44 (in Japanese) Google Scholar
  11. Kan-no H (1966) Bottom environments of the ark shell, Scapharca broughtonii (Schrenck), in Sendai Bay. Bull Tohoku Natl Fish Res Inst 26:55–75 (in Japanese with English abstract) Google Scholar
  12. Lutaenko KA (1993) Subfamily Anadarinae (Bivalvia: arcidae) of the Russian Far East coast. Kor J Malacol 9:27–32Google Scholar
  13. Mackin JE, Swider KT (1989) Organic matter decomposition pathways and oxygen consumption in coastal marine sediments. J Mar Res 47:681–716CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Miyamoto Y, Iwanaga C (2012) Biochemical responses to anoxia and hypoxia in the ark shell Scapharca kagoshimensis. Plankton Benthos Res 7:167–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Montani S (2004) Biological production of tidal flat-it’s trophic dynamics. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 70:796–797 (in Japanese) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Moore KA (2004) Influence of seagrasses on water quality in shallow regions of the Lower Chesapeake Bay. J Coast Res 45:162–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Nakamura M, Shinagawa A, Toda K, Nakao S (1997a) Tolerance to low concentrations of dissolved oxygen of Corbicula japonica. Aquacult Sci 45:9–15Google Scholar
  18. Nakamura M, Shinagawa A, Toda K, Nakao S (1997b) Tolerance of 4 bivalves from lakes Shinji and Nakaumi to environmental factors. Aquacult Sci 45:179–185Google Scholar
  19. Nanao City (2013) General waste processing basic plan. Nanao, Japan (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  20. Norkko J, Shumway SE (2011) Bivalves as bioturbators and bioirrigators. In: Shumway SE (ed) Shellfish aquaculture and the environment. Wiley, Hoboken, pp 297–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Okamura K, Tanaka K, Kimoto K, Fuita T, Mori Y, Kiyomoto Y (2011) Effects of oxygen deficient water and properties of surface sediments on the mass mortalities of the ark shell (Scapharca kagoshimensis) in the northwestern part of Ariake Bay. Bull Jpn Soc Fish Oceanogr 74(4):197–207Google Scholar
  22. Okutani T (2000) Marine mollusks in Japan. Tokai University Press, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  23. Ortmann C, Grieshaber MK (2003) Energy metabolism and valve closure behaviour in the Asian clam Corbicula fluminea. J Exp Biol 206:4167–4178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Reyes E, Merino M (1991) Diel dissolved oxygen dynamics and eutrophication in a shallow well-mixed tropical lagoon (Cancun Mexico). Estuaries 144:372–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Shen J, Wang T, Herman J, Mason P, Arnold GL (2008) Hypoxia in a coastal embayment of the Chesapeake Bay: a model diagnostic study of oxygen dynamics. Estuaries Coast 31:652–663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sugiura D, Kayayama S, Sasa S, Sasaki K (2014) Age and growth of the ark shell S. broughtonii (Bivalvia, Aricidae) in Japanese waters. J Shellfish Res 33:315–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Suzuki H, Yamaguchi K, Seto K (2011) Growth and survival of the ark shell Scapharca kagoshimensis cultured in a semi-enclosed lagoon lake Nakaumi southwest Japan. Aquacult Sci 59:89–99 (in Japanese with English abstract) Google Scholar
  28. Thillart G, Lieshout G, Storey K, Cortesi P, de Zwaan A (1992) Influence of long-term hypoxia on the energy metabolism of the haemoglobin-containing bivalve Scapharca inaequivalvis: critical O2 levels for metabolic depression. J Comp Physiol B 162:297–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tsutsumi H, Takeguchi T, Maruyama A, Nakahara Y (2000) Seasonal fluctuations in the benthic community after the collapse of a clam, Ruditapes philippinarum, population on the Midori river tidal flats in Kumamoto. Jpn J Benthol 55:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. von Schrenck L (1867) ​Reisen und Forschungen im Amur-Lande in den Jahren 1854–1856. II. Mollusken des Amur-Landes und des Nordjapanischen Meeres. St. Petersburg (in German)Google Scholar
  31. Weber RE, Lykke-Madsen M, Bang A, de Zwaan A, Cortesi P (1990) Effects of cadmium on anoxic survival. Haematology erythrocytic volume regulation and haemoglobin-oxygen affinity in the marine bivalve Scapharca inaequivalvis. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 144:29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yamamoto K, Tamura Y, Tochino M (1996) Effects of water temperature on filtration volume and ciliary movement of gills in the Japanese ark shell, Scapharca broughtonii. J Natl Fish Univ 45:95–101Google Scholar
  33. Yamamoto T, Kondo S, Kim KH, Asaoka S, Yamamoto H, Tokuoka M, Hibino T (2012) Remediation of muddy tidal flat sediments using hot air-dried crushed oyster shells. Mar Pollut Bull 64:2428–2434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yurimoto T (2009) Ecophysiological study of Atrina lischkeana (Clessin, 1891) and Scapharca kagoshimensis (Tokunaga, 1906) (Bivalvia, Mollusca) in Ariake Bay, Japan. PhD dissertation, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Science and Technology, NagasakiGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ishikawa Prefecture Fisheries Research Center Production Department Mikawa OfficeHakusanJapan
  2. 2.Field Science Education and Research CenterKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  3. 3.Ishikawa Prefecture Fisheries Research CenterNotoJapan

Personalised recommendations