Nanocomposites: a brief review

  • Enisa Omanović-Mikličanin
  • Almir Badnjević
  • Anera KazlagićEmail author
  • Muhamed Hajlovac
Original Paper


Nanocomposite material consists out of several phases where at least one, two or three dimensions are in nanometer range. Taking material dimensions down to nanometer level creates phase interfaces which are very important for enhancement of materials properties. The ratio between surface area and volume of reinforced material used during nanocomposites preparation is directly involved in understanding of structure-property relationship. Nanocomposties offer opportunities on completely new scales for solving obstacles ranging from medical, pharmaceutical industry, food packaging, to electronics and energy industry. This paper presents main ideas behind nanocomposites and discusses matrix materials upon which nanocomposites can be divided in three classes; metal matrix, ceramic matrix and polymer matrix nanocomposites. The goal is to explain which raw material and technique is most suited for processing of a particular nanocomposites as well as application, advantages and drawbacks of nanocomposites. Nanotechnology is still in development and current limitations hinder global transition from macro-scale to nano-scale.


Nanocomposites Processing Application Technique 


Compliance with ethical approval

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© IUPESM and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enisa Omanović-Mikličanin
    • 1
  • Almir Badnjević
    • 2
  • Anera Kazlagić
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhamed Hajlovac
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Agriculture and Food SciencesUniversity of SarajevoSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina
  2. 2.Verlab Ltd; SarajevoSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina

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