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Mil based lung CT-image classification using CNN

  • S. RenukaEmail author
  • A. Annadhason
Original Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Internet Of Medical Things In E-Health

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) is diagnosed using clinical settings through which the specimen taken as of the patient is examined. The availability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria (MTB) in that specimen confirms the existence of TB. The other examinations strongly recommend that, TB in the diagnosis, one cannot confirm it. A simple skin test is the most generally utilized diagnostic equipment for TB, though blood tests are becoming more common. A small quantity of a substance termed PPD (Post-Partum Depression) tuberculin is injected below the skin of one’s inside forearm. Sometimes, false negative treatment may also results. Thus several upcoming techniques are introduced to cure the TB. It is based upon the CAD system that deals with the problem of TB detection on CXR. It is maintained by the training dataset. The drawback that occurs on the previous model is that its inherent features are uncertain. The novel 3 methods implemented in this research are i) Lung Segment, ii) Texture Feature Extraction as well as iii) Pixel classification. Along with these, miSVM+PEDD (multiple instances Support Vector Machine + Probability Estimation and Data Discarding) is used for the segmentation process. Thus the model should be evaluated by implementing some recent features of the Multiple Instance Learning (MIL). The Improved Algorithm is deployed by training a MIL classifier which builds from other machine learning (ML), Active Learning (AL) and 1-class classification approaches. Here, the uncertainty intrinsic to a MIL pixel classifier is diminished while minimizing the labeling exertions. The uses of AL are centered on the image and text categorization. The resulting lung likelihood map is post-processed to obtain binary segmentation. Here, the MIL is integrated with the AL Model. The results are analyzed by contrasting the proposed system with the other prevailing techniques to prove the dominance of the proposed one.

Keywords

Tuberculosis CAD CNN Bag of words miSVM+PEDD MIL 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Our work is not funded by any agencies or organization.

Conflict of interest

None of the author received fund from any agencies or committee or organization.

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Copyright information

© IUPESM and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of CSESt. John’s College of Arts and ScienceAmmandivilaiIndia
  2. 2.Manonmaniam Sundaranar UniversityTirunelveliIndia
  3. 3.Department of CSEGovernment Arts & Science CollegeKadaladiIndia
  4. 4.Alagappa UniversityKaraikudiIndia

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