A review of melanin sensor devices

  • Vangelis George KanellisEmail author


Knowing how readily the skin produces melanin is invaluable in reducing photochemical and phototherapy overtreatment in dermatology and also in reducing the risk of actinic skin damage and skin cancer from excessive radiant light exposure. The commonly used Fitzpatrick skin type (FST) classification scale is often used to subjectively assess ultraviolet light sensitivity and susceptibility to sunburn following significant sunlight exposure. However, the FST scale falls short in the assessment of nonwhite skin types. Alternatively, commercially available melanin sensor devices, called melanometers, can be used to objectively quantify useful skin parameters such as the epidermal melanin concentration (EMC). This study reviews commercially available melanometers and their use in quantifying epidermal melanin concentration (EMC) and the individual maximum safe radiant exposure (IMSRE) for an individual in clinical, workplace and community settings.


Melanin Melanometers Epidermis 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Vangelis George Kanellis declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author.


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Copyright information

© International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics (IUPAB) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Canberra HospitalCanberraAustralia

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