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Biophysical Reviews

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 1683–1693 | Cite as

Cytoskeletal discoveries in the plant lineage using the moss Physcomitrella patens

  • Shu-Zon Wu
  • Moe Yamada
  • Darren R. Mallett
  • Magdalena BezanillaEmail author
Review
  • 180 Downloads

Abstract

Advances in cell biology have been largely driven by pioneering work in model systems, the majority of which are from one major eukaryotic lineage, the opisthokonts. However, with the explosion of genomic information in many lineages, it has become clear that eukaryotes have incredible diversity in many cellular systems, including the cytoskeleton. By identifying model systems in diverse lineages, it may be possible to begin to understand the evolutionary origins of the eukaryotic cytoskeleton. Within the plant lineage, cell biological studies in the model moss, Physcomitrella patens, have over the past decade provided key insights into how the cytoskeleton drives cell and tissue morphology. Here, we review P. patens attributes that make it such a rich resource for cytoskeletal cell biological inquiry and highlight recent key findings with regard to intracellular transport, microtubule-actin interactions, and gene discovery that promises for many years to provide new cytoskeletal players.

Keywords

Actin Microtubules Myosin Kinesin Organelle transport Tip growth Phragmoplast 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Xiaohang Cheng for careful reading of the manuscript.

Funding information

MY was supported by a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science pre-doctoral fellowship (16J02796). A grant from the National Science Foundation (MCB-1715785) supported S-Z W and MB. DM and MB were supported by funds from Dartmouth College.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Shu-Zon Wu declares that she has no conflict of interest. Moe Yamada declares that she has no conflict of interest. Darren R. Mallett declares that he has no conflict of interest. Magdalena Bezanilla declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© International Union for Pure and Applied Biophysics (IUPAB) and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesDartmouth CollegeHanoverUSA
  2. 2.Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of ScienceNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan

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