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Sabuncubeli too, Bornova, a second micromammal assemblage from the Sabuncubeli section (early Miocene, western Anatolia)

  • Melike BilginEmail author
  • Peter Joniak
  • Serdar Mayda
  • Fikret Göktaş
  • Tanju Kaya
  • Pablo Peláez Campomanes
  • Lars W. van den Hoek Ostende
Original Paper

Abstract

An old test sample from the Sabuncubeli Formation (Manisa, Turkey) yielded an interesting faunule, which, however, up to now had never been described. In Bornova 183, now inaccessible, five species of micromammal were encountered: the hamsters Eumyarion aff. montanus, E. intercentralis and Cricetodon kasapligili, the squirrel Palaeosciurus fissurae and the talpid Desmanodon sp.. The locality is known to be in superposition to the previously published locality of Sabuncubeli. A new sample of the latter provided five new elements to the fauna: the mole Theratiskos sp., the dimylid Turkodimylus sp., the shrew Oligosorex aff. reumeri, the glirid Glirulus ekremi and a bat Vespertilionidae gen. et sp.. The high diversity of insectivores in the locality confirms a humid environment for Sabuncubeli. Both assemblages are referable to local zone D or MN unit 3. However, differences in the stage of evolution of some faunal elements suggest a considerable time difference, indicating that the Sabuncubeli formation covers at least a major part of this time period.

Keywords

Rodents Insectivores Biostratigraphy Taxonomy Turkey 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the reviewers Jérôme Prieto and János Hír. We are grateful to Delia van Oijen (Naturalis Biodiversity Center) for access to and helping with the SEM.

Funding

This study was funded by National Geographic grant “Palaeogeography of mammals following the collision of the African and Eurasian plates” (GEFNE 140-15). MB has obtained Synthesys (NL-TAF-5889 and ES-TAF-7048) and Comenius University grants of doctoral students (UK/123/2019). This study was supported by the Ege University (TTM/001/2016) and (TTM/002/2016) to TK, SM and MB. PJ was partly supported by Slovak Scientific Grant Agency (VEGA 1/0702/17) and SRDA (APVV-15-0575) and MB by (VEGA 1/0164/19). LHO acknowledges the support of Tübitak under the visiting researcher program. LHO, PJ, FG and PPC gratefully acknowledge the support of Ege University short-term research grants.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geology and PaleontologyComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Naturalis Biodiversity CenterLeidenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Faculty of Science, Biology DepartmentEge UniversityIzmirTurkey
  4. 4.MTA Geology DepartmentIzmirTurkey
  5. 5.Museo Nacional de Ciencias NaturalesMadridSpain

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