Advertisement

Understanding the transient population: insights from linked administrative data

  • Nan Jiang
  • Gail PachecoEmail author
  • Kabir Dasgupta
Article

Abstract

There is growing evidence that frequent residential relocation is often associated with adverse socio-economic outcomes related to education, health and wellbeing. Prior research aimed at exploring the extent of residential movement has usually been restricted to survey evidence or infrequent census data. This study makes use of newly linked administrative data to design a framework for quantifying different levels and types of residential movement for an entire population. Within this context, we are able to derive working definitions for the transient and vulnerable transient. We also assess their interaction with a number of social service providers as well as important life events, both prior to and during the sample period. Our research contributes to understanding the key risk factors (in terms of both experience and intensity) associated with transience for adults, youth and children.

Keywords

Residential mobility Transience Linked administrative data Neighbourhood deprivation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to several individuals and organisations for providing us with helpful comments. This includes the Social Policy Evaluation and Research Unit—Superu (Jason Timmins and John Wren); Victoria University of Wellington (Phillip Morrison) and Statistics NZ’s microdata team. We also thank Superu for sponsoring this research. Any errors or omissions remain the responsibility of the authors.

References

  1. Andreasen, M. H., & Agergaard, J. (2016). Residential mobility and homeownership in Dar es Salaam. Population and Development Review, 42(1), 95–110.Google Scholar
  2. Arsen, D., Plank, D., & Sykes, G. (1999). School choice policies in Michigan: The rules matter. For full text: http://edtech.connect.msu.edu/choice/conference/default.asp. Accessed 20 Sept 2017.
  3. Baker, E., Bentley, R., Lester, L., & Beer, A. (2016). Housing affordability and residential mobility as drivers of locational inequality. Applied Geography, 72, 65–75.Google Scholar
  4. Barnett, R., & Barnett, P. (2004). Primary health care in New Zealand: Problems and policy approaches. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 21, 49–66.Google Scholar
  5. Bayer, P., Ross, S., & Topa, G. (2005). Place of work and place of residence: Informal hiring networks and labor market outcomes (No. w11019). National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
  6. Beck, B., Buttaro, A., Jr., & Lennon, M. C. (2016). Home moves and child wellbeing in the first five years of life in the United States. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies: International Journal., 7(3), 240–264.Google Scholar
  7. Bender, K., Ferguson, K., Thompson, S., Komlo, C., & Pollio, D. (2010). Factors associated with trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder among homeless youth in three US cities: The importance of transience. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(1), 161–168.Google Scholar
  8. Böheim, R., & Taylor, M. P. (2002). Tied down or room to move? Investigating the relationships between housing tenure, employment status and residential mobility in Britain. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 49(4), 369–392.Google Scholar
  9. Bull, A., & Gilbert, J. (2007). Student movement and schools—What are the issues?. Evaluation and Social Assessment, Wellington: Centre for Research.Google Scholar
  10. Butler, E. W., McAllister, R. J., & Kaiser, E. J. (1973). The effects of voluntary and involuntary residential mobility on females and males. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 35, 219–227.Google Scholar
  11. Champion, T., & Shuttleworth, I. (2015a). Are people moving home less? An analysis of address changing in England and Wales, 1971–2011, using the ONS longitudinal study. London: London School of Economics, UK Spatial Economics Research Centre.Google Scholar
  12. Champion, T., & Shuttleworth, I. (2015b). Is internal migration slowing? An analysis of four decades of NHSCR records for England and Wales. London: UK Spatial Economics Research Centre, London School of Economics.Google Scholar
  13. Clark, W. A., & Davies Withers, S. (1999). Changing jobs and changing houses: Mobility outcomes of employment transitions. Journal of Regional Science, 39(4), 653–673.Google Scholar
  14. Clark, W. A., Deurloo, M., & Dieleman, F. (2006). Residential mobility and neighbourhood outcomes. Housing Studies, 21(3), 323–342.Google Scholar
  15. Clark, W. A., & Huang, Y. (2003). The life course and residential mobility in British housing markets. Environment and Planning A, 35(2), 323–339.Google Scholar
  16. Cooke, T. J. (2011). It is not just the economy: Declining migration and the rise of secular rootedness. Population, Space and Place, 17, 193–203.Google Scholar
  17. Cooke, T. J. (2013). Internal migration in decline. The Professional Geographer, 65(4), 664–675.Google Scholar
  18. Cooke, T. J., & Shuttleworth, I. (2017). The effects of information and communication technologies on residential mobility and migration. Population, Space and Place, 24(3), 1–11.Google Scholar
  19. Coulter, R., & Scott, J. (2015). What motivates residential mobility? Re-examining self-reported reasons for desiring and making residential moves. Population, Space and Place, 21(4), 354–371.Google Scholar
  20. Coulter, R., van Ham, M., & Findlay, A. M. (2016). Re-thinking residential mobility: Linking lives through time and space. Progress in Human Geography, 40(3), 352–374.Google Scholar
  21. Currie, J., & Madrian, B. C. (1999). Health, health insurance and the labor market. Handbook of Labor Economics, 3, 3309–3416.Google Scholar
  22. Damm, A. P. (2014). Neighborhood quality and labor market outcomes: Evidence from quasi-random neighborhood assignment of immigrants. Journal of Urban Economics, 79, 139–166.Google Scholar
  23. Darlington, F., Norman, P., & Gould, M. (2015). Migration and health. Internal Migration: Geographical perspectives and processes. Farnahm: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  24. Desmond, M., Gershenson, C., & Kiviat, B. (2015). Forced relocation and residential instability among urban renters. Social Service Review, 89(2), 227–262.Google Scholar
  25. Ding, L., Hwang, J., & Divringi, E. (2016). Gentrification and residential mobility in Philadelphia. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 61, 38–51.Google Scholar
  26. Dong, M., Anda, R. F., Felitti, V. J., Williamson, D. F., Dube, S. R., Brown, D. W., et al. (2005). Childhood residential mobility and multiple health risks during adolescence and adulthood: the hidden role of adverse childhood experiences. Archives of Paediatrics & Adolescent medicine, 159(12), 1104–1110.Google Scholar
  27. Exeter, D. J., Sabel, C. E., Hanham, G., et al. (2015). Movers and stayers: The geography of residential mobility and CVD hospitalisations in Auckland, New Zealand. Social Science and Medicine, 133, 331–339.Google Scholar
  28. Falkingham, J., Sage, J., Stone, J., & Vlachantoni, A. (2016). Residential mobility across the life course: Continuity and change across three cohorts in Britain. Advances in Life Course Research, 30, 111–123.Google Scholar
  29. Fitchen, J. M. (1994). Residential mobility among the rural poor 1. Rural Sociology, 59(3), 416–436.Google Scholar
  30. Gambaro, L., & Joshi, H. (2016). Moving home in the early years: What happens to children in the UK. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies: International Journal., 7(3), 265–287.Google Scholar
  31. German, D., Davey, M. A., & Latkin, C. A. (2007). Residential transience and HIV risk behaviors among injection drug users. AIDS and Behavior, 11(2), 21–30.Google Scholar
  32. Gray, C. L., & Mueller, V. (2012). Natural disasters and population mobility in Bangladesh. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(16), 6000–6005.Google Scholar
  33. Hawkins, J. D., Herrenkohl, T., Farrington, D., Brewer, D., Catalano, R., Harachi, T., & Cothern, L. (2000). Predictors of youth violence (OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.Google Scholar
  34. Haynie, D. L., & South, S. J. (2005). Residential mobility and adolescent violence. Social Forces, 84(1), 361–374.Google Scholar
  35. Heller, T. (1982). The effects of involuntary residential relocation: A review. American Journal of Community Psychology, 10(4), 471–492.Google Scholar
  36. Hutchings, H. A., Evans, A., Barnes, P., Demmler, J., Heaven, M., Hyatt, M. A., et al. (2013). Do children who move home and school frequently have poorer educational outcomes in their early years at school? An anonymised cohort study. PloS One, 8(8), e70601.Google Scholar
  37. Jelleyman, T., & Spencer, N. (2008). Residential mobility in childhood and health outcomes: A systematic review. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62(7), 584–592.Google Scholar
  38. Lupton, R. (2016). Housing policies and their relationship to residential moves for families with young children. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies: International Journal, 7, 288–301.Google Scholar
  39. Magdol, L. (2002). Is moving gendered? The effects of residential mobility on the psychological well-being of men and women. Sex Roles, 47(11–12), 553–560.Google Scholar
  40. Meehan, L., Pacheco, G., & Pushon, Z. (2018). Explaining ethnic disparities in bachelor’s degree participation: evidence from NZ. Studies in Higher Education.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2017.1419340.
  41. Michielin, F., & Mulder, C. H. (2008). Family events and the residential mobility of couples. Environment and Planning A, 40(11), 2770–2790.Google Scholar
  42. Mikolai, J., & Kulu, H. (2018). Short-and long-term effects of divorce and separation on housing tenure in England and Wales. Population Studies, 72(1), 17–39.Google Scholar
  43. Mollborn, S., Lawrence, E., & Root, E. D. (2018). Residential mobility across early childhood and children’s kindergarten readiness. Demography, 12, 1–26.Google Scholar
  44. Molloy, R., Smith, C. L., & Wozniak, A. (2011). Internal migration in the United States. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 25(2), 1–42.Google Scholar
  45. Montgomery, J. D. (1994). Weak ties, employment, and inequality: An equilibrium analysis. American Journal of Sociology, 99(5), 1212–1236.Google Scholar
  46. Morris, T. (2017). Examining the influence of major life events as drivers of residential mobility and neighbourhood transitions. Demographic Research, 36, 1015–1038.Google Scholar
  47. Morton, S. M. B., Atatoa Carr, P. E., Berry, S. D., Grant, C. C., Bandara, D. K., Mohal, J., et al. (2014). Growing Up in New Zealand: A longitudinal study of New Zealand children and their families. Residential mobility report 1: Moving house in the first 1000 days. Auckland: Growing Up in New Zealand.Google Scholar
  48. Mostafa, T. (2016). Measuring the impact of residential mobility on response: Evidence from the Millenium Cohort Study. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies: International Journal., 7(3), 201–217.Google Scholar
  49. Naidu, A. (2009). Factors affecting patient satisfaction and healthcare quality. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, 22(4), 366–381.Google Scholar
  50. Norman, P., Boyle, P., & Rees, P. (2005). Selective migration, health and deprivation: A longitudinal analysis. Social Science and Medicine, 60(12), 2755–2771.Google Scholar
  51. Oishi, S. (2010). The psychology of residential mobility implications for the self, social relationships, and well-being. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5(1), 5–21.Google Scholar
  52. Özüekren, A. S., & Van Kempen, R. (2002). Housing careers of minority ethnic groups: Experiences, explanations and prospects. Housing Studies, 17(3), 365–379.Google Scholar
  53. Phinney, R. (2013). Exploring residential mobility among low-income families. Social Service Review, 87(4), 780–815.Google Scholar
  54. Polio, D. E. (1997). The relationship between transience and current life situation in the homeless services-using population. Social Work, 42(6), 541–551.Google Scholar
  55. Rumbold, A. R., Giles, L. C., Whitrow, M. J., Steele, E. J., Davies, C. E., Davies, M. J., et al. (2012). The effects of house moves during early childhood on child mental health at age 9 years. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 583.Google Scholar
  56. Schafft, K. A. (2006). Poverty, residential mobility, and student transiency within a rural New York school district. Rural Sociology, 71(2), 212–231.Google Scholar
  57. Schwartz, A. E., Corcoran, S., Siskin, L. S., et al. (2015). Moving matters: The causal effect of moving schools on student performance. IESP Working Paper 01-15. Google Scholar
  58. Skobba, K., & Goetz, E. G. (2013). Mobility decisions of very low-income households. Cityscape, 15, 155–172.Google Scholar
  59. Statistics New Zealand. (2006). QuickStats about population mobility: 2006 Census. Retrieved from http://www.stats.govt.nz/Census/2006CensusHomePage/QuickStats/quickstats-about-a-subject/population-mobility.aspx. September 2017.
  60. Statistics New Zealand. (2013). Internal migration update. Retrieved from http://www.stats.govt.nz/browse_for_stats/population/Migration/internal-migration/tables.aspx#internal. September 2017.
  61. Statistics New Zealand. (2017). Classification of territorial authority. Retrieved from http://archive.stats.govt.nz/methods/classifications-and-standards/classification-related-stats-standards/territorial-authority.aspx. September 2017.
  62. Stokols, D., Shumaker, S. A., & Martinez, J. (1983). Residential mobility and personal well-being. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 3(1), 5–19.Google Scholar
  63. Warner, C. (2016). The effect of incarceration on residential mobility between poor and nonpoor neighborhoods. City and Community, 15(4), 423–443.Google Scholar
  64. Warner, C., & Sharp, G. (2016). The short-and long-term effects of life events on residential mobility. Advances in Life Course Research, 27, 1–15.Google Scholar
  65. Weinberg, B. A., Reagan, P. B., & Yankow, J. J. (2004). Do neighborhoods affect hours worked? Evidence from longitudinal data. Journal of Labor Economics, 22(4), 891–924.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Business, Economics and Law, School of EconomicsAuckland University of TechnologyAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Faculty of Business, Economics and Law, NZ Work Research InstituteAuckland University of TechnologyAucklandNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations