Advertisement

Immigrant retention in NB: an analysis using administrative Medicare Registry data

  • James Ted McDonald
  • Brent Cruickshank
  • Zikuan Liu
Original Article
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

This paper examines immigrant retention using a novel approach based on data contained in New Brunswick’s Medicare Registry database. To date, researchers studying immigrant retention in Canada have had only a few options with regard to suitable data, and each data source is characterized by limitations intrinsic to the nature of the data collection. These in turn raise caveats about the conclusions that can be drawn from analysis of those datasets. By demonstrating the utility and feasibility of another data source that to our knowledge has not previously been used for such a purpose, we are able to add new results to the existing literature, thereby improving our understanding of the extent of and characteristics underpinning immigrant retention in the host region as well as assess the robustness of published results based on data from other sources. The main objective of the paper is to improve the current understanding of secondary migration patterns of New Brunswick residents with the objective of increasing retention rates among vulnerable populations such as immigrants and refugees.

Keywords

Immigration Retention Administrative data 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council—Immigration, Refugees, Citizenship Canada Targeted Research Program on Syrian Arrival, Resettlement and Integration and from the SSHRC-funded Pathways to Prosperity Partnership (PI Victoria Esses) is gratefully acknowledged. This work was supported by the Department of Postsecondary Education, Training and Labour and the Department of Health of the Province of New Brunswick under a contract with the New Brunswick Institute for Research, Data, and Training at the University of New Brunswick. The results and conclusions are those of the authors and no official endorsement by the Government of New Brunswick was intended or should be inferred. Brent Cruickshank was supported by a graduate award funded by The Maritime SPOR SUPPORT Unit. MSSU recognizes Dalhousie University, Health Data Nova Scotia, the University of New Brunswick, the New Brunswick Institute for Research, Data and Training, the University of Prince Edward Island, the New Brunswick Department of Health, the Nova Scotia Department of Health and Wellness, Health PEI, and the New Brunswick and the Nova Scotia Health Research Foundations for their important roles in this research.

References

  1. ACOA. (2017). Reporting to Atlantic Canadians on the Atlantic growth strategy. Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. http://www.acoa-apeca.gc.ca/ags-sca/assets/AGS-report_EN_web.pdf.
  2. Akbari, A. H., & Sun, C. (2006). Immigrant attraction and retention: What can work and what is being done in Atlantic Canada. Our Diverse Cities, 2, 129–133.Google Scholar
  3. APEC. (2017). Immigration on the rise in Atlantic Canada. Atlantic Provinces Economic Council Publication File. https://www.apec-econ.ca/publications/view/?do-load=1&publication.id=328&site.page.id=2000.
  4. Aydemir, A., & Robinson, C. (2008). Global labour markets, return, and onward migration. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d’Économique, 41(4), 1285–1311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bodvarrson, O., Simpson, N., & Sparber, C. (2015). Migration theory. In B. Chiswick & P. Miller (Eds.), Handbook on the economics of international migration (Vol. 1A, Ch1, pp. 3–51). Amsterdam: North-Holland Elsevier.Google Scholar
  6. Emery, H., McDonald, J. T., & Balcom, A. (2017). Temporary residents in New Brunswick and their transition to permanent residency. NB-IRDT working paper, University of New Brunswick. http://www.unb.ca/fredericton/arts/nbirdt/_resources/pdfs/report-temporary_residents.pdf.
  7. Goodwin-White, J. (2017). The shaping of selection: Secondary migration, scale, and immigrant geographies. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/321062217.
  8. Haan, M., & Prokopenko, E. (2016). Overview of secondary migration of immigrants to Canada. Pathways to prosperity working paper, Western University. http://p2pcanada.ca/files/2016/02/Overview-of-Secondary-Migration-of-Immigrants-to-Canada.pdf.
  9. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. (2017). CanadaAdmissions of permanent residents by intended province/territory of destination and country of citizenship, 2000March 2016 (IRCC_PRadmiss_0008_E) [Data file]. http://open.canada.ca/data/en/dataset/ad975a26-df23-456a-8ada-756191a23695.
  10. Krahn, H., Derwing, T. M., & Abu-Laban, B. (2003). The retention of newcomers in second and third tier cities in Canada. Edmonton, AB: Prairie Centre of Excellence for Research on Immigration and Integration.Google Scholar
  11. Silvestre, J., & Reher, D. S. (2014). The internal migration of immigrants: Differences between one-time and multiple movers in Spain. Population, Space and Place, 20, 50–65.  https://doi.org/10.1002/psp.1755.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Ted McDonald
    • 1
  • Brent Cruickshank
    • 1
  • Zikuan Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.University of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada

Personalised recommendations