Microstructure Characterization and Properties of Ti Carbohydride/Cu–Ti/GNP Nanocomposites Prepared by Wet Ball Milling and Subsequent Magnetic Pulsed Compaction

  • M. A. EryominaEmail author
  • S. F. Lomayeva
  • V. V. Tarasov
  • S. N. Paranin
  • I. L. Lomaev
  • K. G. Mikheev
  • S. L. Demakov


Wide application of hard composite materials in modern technologies stimulates a search for new compositions and more efficient and cheaper ways of their obtaining. A novel Ti carbohydride/CuTi/CuTi2/GNP (few-layer graphene or graphite nanoplatelets) composites were produced via magnetic pulsed compaction of Ti, Cu and graphite powders mechanically milled in liquid organic medium for 4 h. Phase composition and microstructure were examined by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Density, microhardness, ultimate compression strength, abrasive wear resistance and sliding wear resistance of the composites were studied. The composites consisted of hexagonal and cubic titanium carbohydrides, CuTi2 and CuTi intermetallics, ~ 5 wt% of GNP and amorphous carbon. The presence of GNP and amorphous carbon resulted in higher wear resistance under conditions of dry friction against steel (1 wt%C, 1.5 wt%Cr) but lower composite density, microhardness, ultimate compression strength and abrasion wear resistance as compared with the GNP-free composites.

Graphic Abstract


Titanium carbohydride composites GNP Ball milling Microstructure Wear Microhardness 



The present study was carried out within the state assignment of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, Reg. Nos. AAAA-A17-117022250038-7 and No. AAAA-A18-118020190104-3, and partially supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research according to the research Project No. 18-48-180003. This study was performed using equipment of the Shared Use Centres UdmFRC UB RAS and UrFU.

Compliance with Ethical Standard

Conflict of interest

:The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Udmurt Federal Research Center, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIzhevskRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Electrophysics, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesEkaterinburgRussia
  3. 3.M.N. Mikheev Institute of Metal Physics, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesEkaterinburgRussia
  4. 4.Institute of New Materials and TechnologiesUral Federal UniversityEkaterinburgRussia

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