Effect of the Vacuum Heat Treatment on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of the Galvanized-Q235/AZ91D Bimetal Material Produced by Solid–Liquid Compound Casting

  • Jun Cheng
  • Jian-hua ZhaoEmail author
  • Dengzhi Zheng
  • Ke He
  • Yu Guo


The galvanized-Q235/AZ91D bimetallic material was achieved via solid–liquid compound casting, and the effect of the heat treatment at 250 °C for 3 h on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the galvanized-Q235/AZ91D bimetallic material were investigated. The interface zone in the galvanized-Q235/AZ91D was composed of three different layers which were the FeAl3 + α-Mg, (α-Mg + MgZn), and α-Mg + (α-Mg + MgZn) from the galvanized-Q235 to AZ91D, successively. After the heat treatment, the (α-Mg + MgZn) eutectic structure was transformed into Al5Mg11Zn4 to promote the microhardness from 139.2 HV to reach 298.8 HV. In addition, the α-Mg and (α-Mg + Mg12Al17) eutectic structure in AZ91D were separately transformed into (α-Mg + Al5Mg11Zn4) and Al5Mg11Zn4 resulting in the increasement of microhardness, from 59.5 to 173.4 HV and 294.2 HV, respectively. Moreover, the interfacial shear strength was changed from 11.23 to 24.63 MPa due to the formation of Al5Mg11Zn4 and the vanishment of MgZn.

Graphic Abstract


Solid–liquid compound casting Heat treatment Microstructure Interface zone Hot-dip galvanizing Shear strength Microhardness 



This work was funded by the National Science Foundation of China (No. 51875062). In addition, this work was partly supported by the National Engineering Research Centre for Magnesium Alloys of China.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Mechanical TransmissionChongqing UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.College of Materials Science and EngineeringChongqing UniversityChongqingChina

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