Improved Mg–Al–Zn Magnesium Alloys Produced by High Energy Milling and Hot Sintering

  • Y. GalindezEmail author
  • E. Correa
  • A. A. Zuleta
  • A. Valencia-Escobar
  • D. Calderon
  • L. Toro
  • P. Chacón
  • F. Echeverría E.


Powders of commercially pure magnesium (c.p. Mg), AZ91 magnesium alloy and zinc were milled using a high-energy mill. The effect of high energy milling (HEM) on powders morphology, chemical composition, crystallite size and compaction of different powders mixtures were studied. After compaction, samples were thermally treated at 450 °C and both density and hardness were evaluated. It was found that as milling speed and time increases, the AZ91 alloy and c.p. Mg particles were deformed and fractured up to sizes below 10 μm. X-ray diffraction patterns for both the c.p. Mg and the AZ91 powders revealed that the milling process induced changes in both the α-Mg and the β-Mg17Al12 phases. By increasing the milling speed, the crystallite size decreases by up to 70% for AZ91 powders and by 80% for magnesium powders. The relative densities of the compacted AZ samples were greater than 85% and this parameter increased for all samples after thermal treatment at 450 °C, obtaining densities higher than 88%. Hardness measurements disclosed values as high as 84.3 HR15T. Theoretical calculations of mechanical strength were obtained for all samples based on the hardness values measured, finding very encouraging results for the three Mg alloys.

Graphic Abstract


High energy milling AZ91 magnesium alloy Mg Particle size Crystallite size Thermal treatment 



The authors are grateful to Universidad de Antioquia, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Universidad de Medellín, Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje - SENA and COLCIENCIAS for financial assistance (Project FP44842-023-2017).

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Investigación, Innovación y Desarrollo de Materiales CIDEMAT, Facultad de IngenieríaUniversidad de Antioquia UdeAMedellínColombia
  2. 2.Grupo de Investigación Materiales con Impacto – MAT&MPAC, Facultad de IngenieríasUniversidad de MedellínMedellínColombia
  3. 3.Grupo de Investigación de Estudios en Diseño - GED, Facultad de Diseño IndustrialUniversidad Pontificia BolivarianaMedellínColombia

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