Influence of Exposure Temperature on Degradation of Magnesia Refractory by Steel Refining Slags
- 103 Downloads
Corrosion rate of refractory increases as the temperature increases and viscosity of slag decreases. The slag of low viscosity can more easily penetrate into the refractory materials and it causes the refractory degradation. Thus, the corrosion and/or erosion of refractory materials should be thoroughly evaluated under steelmaking conditions. In this study, the experiments were conducted using induction furnace. The steel (Fe-0.8C-0.2Si-0.4Mn-1.2Cr, wt%) and the CaO-Al2O3-8SiO2-5MgO-10CaF2 (C/A = 1.9, wt%) slag were equilibrated in a magnesia refractory at 1520 to 1650 °C. As a results, the penetration depth of slag into the magnesia refractory increased with increasing exposure temperature, which originated from a decrease in viscosity of the slag. It also confirmed that MgO particles were detached from slag/refractory interface by increasing exposure temperature.
KeywordsLadle refining slag Magnesia refractory Penetration depth Viscosity Degradation Exposure temperature
This work was partly supported by the Industrial Strategic Technology Development program (Grant Number 10063056) funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE), Korea. In addition, this research was partly funded by the Competency Development Program for Industry Specialists (Grant Number P0002019) of the MOTIE, Korea.
- 16.M.H. Amin, A. Kazemzadeh, B. Arfaei, N.S. Chaudhury, V. Sahajwalla, Investigations of calcium aluminate slag penetration to MgO monolithic refractories in steelmaking process. Int. J. ISSI 3, 34–42 (2006)Google Scholar
- 18.C.W. Bale, E. Bélisle, P. Chartrand, S.A. Decterov, G. Eriksson, A.E. Gheribi, K. Hack, I.H. Jung, Y.B. Kang, J. Melançon, A.D. Pelton, S. Petersen, C. Robelin, J. Sangster, P. Spencer, M.-A. Van Ende, FactSage thermochemical software and databases, 2010–2016. CALPHAD 54, 35–53 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 21.Slag Atlas, 2nd ed., Verlag Stahleisen GmbH, (Dusseldorf, Germany, 1995)Google Scholar