Solidification Structure and Segregation of High Magnetic Induction Grain-Oriented Silicon Steel
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The solidification structure and centerline segregation of high magnetic induction grain-oriented silicon steel slabs were studied to describe the characteristics of solidification and compare the degree of centerline segregation of continuously cast slabs. Industrial experiments were conducted to investigate the solidification behavior of slabs by secondary cooling segment electromagnetic stirring. Three typical slabs were produced by S-EMS with current intensities of 0, 200, and 350 A. Molten steel cast at a low stirring intensity (0 A) resulted in a coarse structure relative to those cast at higher stirring intensities (200 and 350 A). The centerline segregation of carbon and silicon markedly increased with increases in S-EMS current intensity. Composition distribution by electron probe microanalysis identified segregation spots as the sources of centerline segregation. Experimental results indicate that to optimize the centerline segregation of grain-oriented silicon steel slabs, the columnar crystal zone should be enlarged and the equiaxed crystal zone be reduced.
KeywordsHigh magnetic induction grain-oriented silicon steel S-EMS Solidification structure Segregation
The authors are grateful for support from the National Science Foundation China (Grant No. 51774031), Open project of state key laboratory of advanced special steel, shanghai university (SKLASS 2017-12), China, and Shougang Qian′an Iron and Steel Company.
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