Metals and Materials International

, Volume 25, Issue 5, pp 1278–1286 | Cite as

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Welded Additively Manufactured Stainless Steels SS316L

  • T. PasangEmail author
  • A. Kirchner
  • U. Jehring
  • M. Aziziderouei
  • Y. Tao
  • C. -P. Jiang
  • J. C. Wang
  • I. S. Aisyah


Microstructure and mechanical properties of additively manufactured SS316L has been investigated. The samples produced by selective electron beam melting machine were then subjected to gas tungsten arc welding. Various examinations were performed including metallography and microscopy, hardness testing, and tensile testing coupled with digital image correlation software. Strain distribution was clearly evident on the samples during tensile testing with necking taking place at the heat affected zone on both sides of the weldments. From tensile testing, it was clear that the ductility and strengths of the samples were equal to those of conventionally produced samples such as rolled sheet. Hardness testing indicated the uniform distribution across the base metal and the weldments. Scanning electron microscopy identified the presence of Cr and Mo-rich precipitates on the grain boundaries, while the fracture surface was entirely covered with dimples (microvoid coalescence) indicating a ductile fracture mode.


SS316L Additive manufacturing (AM) Electron beam melting (EBM) Gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) Digital image correlation Strain distribution 



One of the authors (TP) would like to thank Professors Tanaka and Minami for allowing some of the analysis conducted at the JWRI through JIJRec funding. We also would like to thank Mr. Benjamin Smuda of IFAM, Dresden for carefully carrying out the tensile tests.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringAuckland University of TechnologyAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAMDresdenGermany
  3. 3.Additive Manufacturing Center for Mass Customization ProductionNational Taipei University of Technology—Taipei TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversitas Muhammadiyah MalangMalangIndonesia

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