Metals and Materials International

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 127–134 | Cite as

Microstructure and Nanosize Precipitate of Nitrided 316L Stainless Steel

  • Sul Gi Kim
  • Jae Nam Kim
  • Jei Pil Wang
  • Chang Yong KangEmail author


The microstructure and nanosize precipitates of nitrided 316L stainless steel were investigated mainly by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis. Nitriding treatment performed in a molten salt bath followed by cooling down to ambient temperature and further diffusion treated. Produced layer consist of surface layer at the top, compound layer in the middle and final diffusion layer. Supersaturated phase is γ′N not γ-Fe4N. The lattice parameter of γ′N is expanded about 16% by nitrogen supersaturation. Precipitates size of few nm were observed in the compound layers. These nanosize precipitates were coarsening up to ~ 40 nm by further heat treatment at 450 °C for 1 h. It was identified as Si3N4 by energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer, selected area electron diffraction patterns at two different zone axes [110], [114] and high resolution TEM analysis.


Nanosize precipitates Si3N4 Compound layer Nitride 316L stainless steel TEM 



This work was supported by a Research Grant of Pukyong National University (2017 year). The authors would like to thank Giovanni Cossu, Laboratory for Surface Science and Technology, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland for many helpful and thoughtful discussions.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sul Gi Kim
    • 1
  • Jae Nam Kim
    • 2
  • Jei Pil Wang
    • 1
  • Chang Yong Kang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical EngineeringPukyong National UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Graduate Institute of Ferrous TechnologyPOSTECHPohangRepublic of Korea

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