Neural Network Approach to Construct a Processing Map from a Non-linear Stress–Temperature Relationship
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An accurate processing map for a metal provides a means of attaining a desired microstructure and required shape through thermo-mechanical processing. To construct such a map, the isothermal flow stress, σiso, is required. Conventionally, the non-isothermal flow stress measured by experiment is corrected to σiso using whole-temperature-range linear interpolation (WRLI) or partial-temperature-range linear interpolation (PRLI). However, these approaches could incur significant errors if the non-isothermal flow stress exhibits a non-linear relationship with the temperature. In this study, an artificial neural network (ANN) model was applied to correct the non-isothermal flow stress in 10 wt% Cr steel, which exhibits a non-linear temperature dependence within a target temperature range of 750–1250 °C. Processing maps were constructed using σiso corrected by applying the WRLI, PRLI, and ANN approaches, respectively, and were then compared with the actual microstructures. The WRLI approach produced the highest minimum error of σiso (17.2%) and over-predicted the shear-band formation. The PRLI approach reasonably predicted the microstructural changes, but the minimum error for σiso (8.9%) was somewhat high. The ANN approach not only realized the lowest minimum error of σiso (~ 0%), but also effectively predicted the microstructural changes.
KeywordsMetallic alloys Thermomechanical Processing Microstructure Stress–strain measurements Computer modelling
This study was supported by a grant (2013025839) from Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction, Republic of Korea. Author N. S. Reddy greatly acknowledges for the support of research group promotion, Gyeongsang National University, 2014.
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