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Marine Biodiversity

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 107–130 | Cite as

Two new stygophilic tanaidomorphs (Peracarida, Tanaidacea) from Canary Islands and southeastern Iberian Peninsula

  • Álvaro García-HerreroEmail author
  • Nuria Sánchez
  • Guillermo García-Gómez
  • Fernando Pardos
  • Alejandro Martínez
Original Paper

Abstract

Two new species of stygophilic tanaidomorphs are described from El Hierro (Canary Islands) and the Spanish Mediterranean coast from samples collected both at caves and open marine environments. Both species lack autapomorphies but are described based on their unique combination of characters. Pseudotanais isabelae sp. nov. is characterized by the presence of eyes and forcipate chelas, absence of outer seta in article 2 of maxilliped, absence of tubercles on the endite of the maxilliped, presence of 2–6 blade-like spines on the pereopods and presence of one segment on the endopod of the uropod. Zeuxo bimbache sp. nov. is diagnosed by the presence of three aesthetascs on the terminal article of the antennule, laccinia mobilis not articulated on the right mandible, wide and crenulated on the left one; basis of the maxilliped with serrated margin, article 1 of the palp without outer seta, anterior process of the coxa naked, unique chaetotaxy of the pleopods, and endopod of the uropod with three articles. These two species represent the first stygophilic members of the genera Pseudotanais and Zeuxo. Araphura brevimanus (Lilljeborg 1864) and Chondrochelia savignyi (Krøyer 1842) are also reported from our cave samples. An updated checklist of all 24 tanaidaceans recorded in caves is provided, with data on their ecological characterization and degree of troglomorphism. The ecological preferences and affinities of all tanaidaceans present in caves is briefly discussed, and compared with those of other peracarids.

Keywords

Marine caves Meiofauna Anchialine Oceanic archipelagos Systematics Stygophilic 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors want to show gratitude for the delivery of samples and information from Cantarriján and Raja de la Mona caves to Carlos Navarro Barranco, and BuceoNatura (Granada, Spain) for the help shown with reference to the information of the caves. It is equally important the help shown by Álvaro Fernández Montero in reference to the samples from Águilas. We gratefully acknowledge to Manuel Rodríguez (Buceo Carboneras) for his sampling assistance in Carboneras. We thank Tamia Brito from Mar de las Calmas Marine Protected Area, as well as Leopoldo Moro Abad, from Consejería de Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias, for granting sampling permissions. Samples from El Hierro were collected with the collaboration of Buceo La Restinga, and thanks to the kindness of Quique Vargas. Collection of the samples would have been impossible without the assistance of Carola D Jorge and Enrique Domínguez in the field, and from Anna B. Aagaard in the laboratory. AM is supported by a CNR–RFBR bilateral agreement grant to Diego Fontaneto (ISE-CNR, Italy). We are in debt to the members of the Laboratoy of Marine and Estuarine Ecology (University of Aveiro), and particularly Dr. Patricia Esquete, for her valuable help and constant support during the 5-month training of AGH, where he was trained on tanaidacean morphology and systematics.

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Copyright information

© Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Álvaro García-Herrero
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nuria Sánchez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Guillermo García-Gómez
    • 1
    • 3
  • Fernando Pardos
    • 1
  • Alejandro Martínez
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.IFREMER, Centre Brest, REM/EEP/LEP, Institut Carnot Ifremer-EDROME, ZI de la pointe du diablePlouzanéFrance
  3. 3.Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto per lo Studio degli Ecosistemi CNR-ISEVerbania PallanzaItaly

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