Advertisement

Entrepreneurial bricolage and online store performance in emerging economies

  • Xiaoyu Yu
  • Yajie Li
  • Daniel Q. Chen
  • Xiaotong Meng
  • Xiangming Tao
Research Paper

Abstract

Third-party e-commerce platforms (such as eBay and Taobao) provide great opportunities for small or minor sized enterprises (SMEs) to overcome technological challenges to enter e-commerce markets. However, SMEs still encounter other market entry barriers such as resource constraints and institutional challenges. We apply entrepreneurial bricolage theory to the context of online businesses operating on third-party e-commerce platforms in order to shed light on how SMEs could possibly cope with these challenges. We present a novel framework to explore the relationships between different types of entrepreneurial bricolage and online store performance. The research hypotheses were evaluated by survey data collected from a sample of small online stores operating on the largest third-party e-commerce platform in China, Alibaba’s Taobao.com (NYSE: BABA). Results show that input bricolage has a positive effect on efficiency performance and market bricolage has a positive effect on sales performance, and the relationships between input (and market) bricolage and store performances are significantly stronger with higher level of institutional bricolage. Contrary to our expectations, the effects of input bricolage on sales performance and market bricolage on efficiency performance are positive but not significant. The study contributes to the development of entrepreneurial bricolage theory literature by providing a fine-grained analysis of the varying effects of different types of entrepreneurial bricolage on organizational outcomes. The findings of the study also provide guidelines for SMEs to effectively make use of resources at hand through the practice of entrepreneurial bricolage.

Keywords

Entrepreneurial bricolage Online store Performance E-commerce Emerging economy 

JEL classification

M13 L81 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71772117; 71472119) for generous financial support. We are grateful to the anonymous reviewers and the EM editors for their detailed and constructive comments on our paper. We would like to thank Ted Baker and Christian Linder for their helpful comments. An earlier version of this paper was accepted for presentation at the Academy of Management’s 2017 Annual Meeting, Atlanta, USA, August 2017.

Funding information

This research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71772117; 71472119), Innovation Program of Shanghai Municipal Education Commission, the Pujiang Talent Plan of Shanghai (15PJC053), the Program for Professor of Special Appointment (Young Eastern Scholar) at Shanghai Institutions of Higher Learning (QD2016015).

References

  1. Ahlstrom, D., & Bruton, G. D. (2002). An institutional perspective on the role culture in shaping strategic actions by technology-focused entrepreneurial firms in China. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 26(4), 53–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aiken, L. S., West, S. G., & Reno, R. R. (1991). Multiple regression: testing and interpreting interactions. In Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
  3. Aldrich, H. E., & Fiol, C. M. (1994). Fools rush in? The institutional context of industry creation. Academy of Management Review, 19(4), 645–670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Amit, R., & Schoemaker, P. J. H. (1993). Strategic assets and organizational rent. Strategic Management Journal, 14(1), 33–46.Google Scholar
  5. Amit, R., & Zott, C. (2001). Value creation in E-business. Strategic Management Journal, 22(6–7), 493–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Anderson, C. (2006). The Long Tail: Why the Future of Business Is Selling Less of More. Hyperon.Google Scholar
  7. Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: a review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin, 103(3), 411–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Baker, T., & Nelson, R. E. (2005). Creating something from nothing: resource construction through entrepreneurial bricolage. Administrative Science Quarterly, 50(3), 329–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Baker, T., Miner, A. S., & Eesley, D. T. (2003). Improvising firms: bricolage, account giving and improvisational competencies in the founding process. Research Policy, 32(2), 255–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Baker, T., Pollock, T. G., & Sapienza, H. J. (2013). Winning an unfair game: how a resource-constrained player uses bricolage to maneuver for advantage in a highly institutionalized. Entrepreneurial resourcefulness: competing with constraints, 1–41.Google Scholar
  11. Bakos, Y. (2001). The emerging landscape for retail e-commerce. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 15(1), 69–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Barney, J. B. (1986). Organizational culture: can it be a source of sustained competitive advantage? Academy of Management Review, 11(3), 656–665.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17, 99–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Barney, J., Wright, M., & Ketchen, D. J. (2001). The resource-based view of the firm: ten years after 1991. Journal of Management, 27(6), 625–641.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Batjargal, B. (2005). Entrepreneurial versatility, resources and firm performance in Russia: a panel study. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 5(3–4), 284–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Baum, J. A. C., & Oliver, C. (1991). Institutional linkages and organizational mortality. Administrative Science Quarterly, 36, 187–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bechky, B. A., & Okhuysen, G. A. (2011). Expecting the unexpected? How SWAT officers and film crews handle surprises. Academy of Management Journal, 54(2), 239–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bontis, N., Keow, W. C. C., & Richardson, S. (2000). Intellectual capital and business performance in Malaysian industries. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 1(1), 85–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Brislin, R. W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1(3), 185–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cabral, L., & Li, L. (2015). A dollar for your thoughts: feedback-conditional rebates on eBay. Management Science, 61(9), 2052–2063.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cai, L., Yu, X., Liu, Q., & Nguyen, B. (2015). Radical innovation, market orientation, and risk-taking in Chinese new ventures: an exploratory study. International Journal of Technology Management, 67(1), 47–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Campbell, J. L. (2004). Institutional change and globalization. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Cao, X., Guo, X., Liu, H., & Gu, J. (2015). The role of social media in supporting knowledge integration: a social capital analysis. Information Systems Frontiers, 17(2), 351–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Cao, X., Guo, X., Vogel, D., & Zhang, X. (2016). Exploring the influence of social media on employee work performance. Internet Research, 26(2), 529–545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Cevik, S., & Correa-Caro, C. (2015). Growing (un)equal: fiscal policy and income inequality in China and BRIC+. Inequality and Fiscal Policy, 1–25.Google Scholar
  26. Chakrabarty, S. (2009). The influence of national culture and institutional voids on family ownership of large firms: a country level empirical study. Journal of International Management, 15(1), 32–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Chaudhry, S., Li, H., Xu, L., & Zhang, H. (2007). Decision support systems in emerging economies. Decision Support Systems, 42(4), 1987–1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Chen, Y., & Xie, J. (2008). Online consumer review: word-of-mouth as a new element of marketing communication mix. Management Science, 54(3), 477–491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Cherkaoui, M. (2013). A comprehensive model of the effects of online store image on purchase intention in an e-commerce environment. Electronic Commerce Research, 13(1), 1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. China Association of Employment Promotion. (2014). Employment statistics and social security for network research project report. http://i.aliresearch.com/img/20140321/20140321105306.pdf. Accessed 20 Nov 2016.
  31. China Internet Network Information Center. (2016). Statistical report on Internet development in China. http://www.cnnic.net.cn/hlwfzyj/hlwxzbg/hlwtjbg/201608/P020160803367337470363.pdf. Accessed 13 Nov 2016.
  32. Craig, J. B., Dibrell, C., & Garrett, R. (2013). Examining relationships among family influence, family culture, flexible planning systems, innovativeness and firm performance. Journal of Family Business Strategy, 5(3), 229–238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Craighead, C. W., Ketchen, D. J., Dunn, K. S., & Hult, G. T. M. (2011). Addressing common method variance: guidelines for survey research on information technology, operations, and supply chain management. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 58(3), 578–588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Craney, T. A., & Surles, J. A. (2002). Model-dependent variance inflation factor cutoff values. Quality Engineering, 14(3), 391–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika, 16(3), 297–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Cui, M., Pan, S. L., Newell, S., & Cui, L. (2017). Strategy, resource orchestration and e-commerce enabled social innovation in rural China. Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 26(1), 3–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Daniel, E. (2003). An exploration of the inside-out model: e-commerce integration in UK SMEs. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 10(3), 233–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Daniel, E., Wilson, H., & Myers, A. (2002). Adoption of e-commerce by SMEs in the UK: towards a stage model. International Small Business Journal, 20(3), 253–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Davidsson, P., Baker, T., & Senyard, J. M. (2017). A measure of entrepreneurial bricolage behavior. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 23(1), 114–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. De Vellis, J. C. (2003). Patenting industry standards: balancing the rights of patent holders with the need for industry-wide standards. AIPLA Quarterly Journal, 31, 301.Google Scholar
  41. Deng, Z., & Wang, Z. (2016). Early-mover advantages at cross-border business-to-business e-commerce portals. Journal of Business Research, 69(12), 6002–6011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Desa, G. (2012). Resource mobilization in international social entrepreneurship: bricolage as a mechanism of institutional transformation. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 36(4), 727–751.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Desa, G., & Basu, S. (2013). Optimization or bricolage? Overcoming resource constraints in global social entrepreneurship. Strategic Entrepreneurial Journal, 7(1), 26–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Duymedjian, R., & Rüling, C. C. (2010). Towards a foundation of bricolage in organization and management theory. Organization Studies, 31(2), 133–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Espinosa, J. A., Slaughter, S. A., Kraut, R. E., & Herbsleb, J. D. (2007). Familiarity, complexity, and team performance in geographically distributed software development. Organization Science, 18(4), 613–630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Fackler, D., Schnabel, C., & Wagner, J. (2013). Establishment exits in Germany: the role of size and age. Small Business Economics, 41(3), 683–700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Feldman, M. S., & Pentland, B. T. (2003). Reconceptualizing organizational routines as a source of flexibility and change. Administrative Science Quarterly, 48(1), 94–118.Google Scholar
  48. Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(3), 382–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Frenzen, J. K., & Davis, H. L. (1990). Purchasing behavior in embedded markets. Journal of Consumer Research, 17(1), 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. García, N., Sanzo, M. J., & Trespalacios, S. J. A. (2008). New product internal performance and market performance: evidence from Spanish firms regarding the role of trust, interfunctional integration, and innovation type. Technovation, 28(11), 713–725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Garicano, L., & Kaplan, S. N. (2000). The effects of business to-business e-commerce on transaction costs. NBER WP 8017, Cambridge (MA).Google Scholar
  52. Garud, R., & Karnøe, P. (2003). Bricolage versus breakthrough: distributed and embedded agency in technology entrepreneurship. Research Policy, 32(2), 277–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Gaur, A. S., Kumar, V., & Singh, D. (2014). Institutions, resources, and internationalization of emerging economy firms. Journal of World Business, 49(1), 12–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Ghobakhloo, M., Arias-Aranda, D., & Benitez-Amado, J. (2011). Adoption of e-commerce applications in SMEs. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 111(8), 1238–1269.Google Scholar
  55. Gibbs, J. L., & Kraemer, K. L. (2004). A cross-country investigation of the determinants of scope of e-commerce use: an institutional approach. Electronic Markets, 14(2), 124–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Gras, D., & Nason, R. S. (2015). Bric by bric: the role of the family household in sustaining a venture in impoverished Indian slums. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(4), 546–563.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Gruber, M., & Henkel, J. (2006). New ventures based on open innovation—an empirical analysis of start-up firms in embedded Linux. International Journal of Technology Management, 33(4), 356–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Guo, H., Su, Z., & Ahlstrom, D. (2016). Business model innovation: the effects of exploratory orientation, opportunity recognition, and entrepreneurial bricolage in an emerging economy. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 33(2), 533–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis: a global perspective. Pearson: Upper Saddle River, NJ.Google Scholar
  60. Hambrick, D. C., & Mason, P. A. (1984). Upper echelons: the organization as a reflection of its top managers. Academy of Management Review, 9(2), 193–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Hatton, E. (1989). Lévi-Strauss’s bricolage and theorizing teachers’ work. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 20: 74–96.Google Scholar
  62. Hite, J. M. (2005). Evolutionary processes and paths of relationally embedded network ties in emerging entrepreneurial firms. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29(1), 113–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Jones, C., Hecker, R., & Holland, P. (2003). Small firm internet adoption: Opportunities forgone, a journey not begun. Journal of Small Business & Enterprise Development, 10(3), 287–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Karagozoglu, N., & Lindell, M. (2004). Electronic commerce strategy, operations, and performance in small and medium-sized enterprises. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 11(3), 290–301.Google Scholar
  65. Kaynak, E., Tatoglu, E., & Kula, V. (2005). An analysis of the factors affecting the adoption of electronic commerce by SMEs: evidence from an emerging market. International Marketing Review, 22(6), 623–640.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Kim, D. J., Song, Y. I., Braynov, S. B., & Rao, H. R. (2005). A multidimensional trust formation model in B-to-C e-commerce: a conceptual framework and content analyses of academia/practitioner perspectives. Decision Support Systems, 40(2), 143–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Kotha, R., & George, G. (2012). Friends, family, or fools: entrepreneur experience and its implications for equity distribution and resource mobilization. Journal of Business Venturing, 27(5), 525–543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Laura, P., Zheng, Z. K., & Li, J. J. (2015). When can you trust “trust?” calculative trust, relational trust, and supplier performance. Strategic Management Journal, 2014(1), 724–741.Google Scholar
  69. Leong, C., Pan, S. L., Newell, S., & Cui, L. (2016). The emergence of self-organizing e-commerce ecosystems in remote villages of China: a tale of digital empowerment for rural development. MIS Quarterly, 40(2), 475–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Lévi-Strauss, C. (1967). The savage mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  71. Li, L. (2013). The path to made-in-China: how it was done and future prospects. International Journal of Production Economics, 146(1), 4–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Li L. (2017). China's manufacturing locus in 2025: with a comparison of “made-in-china 2025” and “industry 4.0”. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Online published.Google Scholar
  73. Li, H., Fang, Y., Wang, Y., Kai, H. L., & Liang, L. (2015). Are all signals equal? Investigating the differential effects of online signals on the sales performance of e-marketplace sellers. Information Technology and People, 28(3), 1–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Lindell, M. K., & Whitney, D. J. (2001). Accounting for common method variance in cross-sectional research designs. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86(1), 114–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Lindenberger, U., & Pötter, U. (1998). The complex nature of unique and shared effects in hierarchical linear regression: implications for developmental psychology. Psychological Methods, 3(2), 218–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Lis, B., & Neßler, C. (2014). Electronic word of mouth. Business & Information Systems Engineering, 6(1), 63–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Lounsbury, M., & Glynn, M. A. (2001). Cultural entrepreneurship: stories, legitimacy, and the acquisition of resources. Strategic Management Journal, 22(6–7), 545–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Lu, Y., Zhao, L., & Wang, B. (2010). From virtual community members to C2C e-commerce buyers: trust in virtual communities and its effect on consumers’ purchase intention. Electronic Commerce Research & Applications, 9(4), 346–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Luo, X. R., & Chung, C. N. (2013). Filling or abusing the institutional void? ownership and management control of public family businesses in an emerging market. Organization Science, 24(2), 591–613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Mair, J., & Marti, I. (2009). Entrepreneurship in and around institutional voids: a case study from Bangladesh. Journal of Business Venturing, 24(5), 419–435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Mason, C. M., Carter, S., & Tagg, S. (2011). Invisible businesses: the characteristics of home-based businesses in the United Kingdom. Regional Studies, 45(5), 625–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. McKnight, D. H., Choudhury, V., & Kacmar, C. (2002). Developing and validating trust measures for e-commerce: an integrative typology. Information Systems Research, 13(3), 334–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Meyer, K. E., Estrin, S., Bhaumik, S. K., & Peng, M. W. (2009). Institutions, resources, and entry strategies in emerging economies. Strategic Management Journal, 30(1), 61–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Moon, S., Bergey, P. K., & Iacobucci, D. (2010). Dynamic effects among movie ratings, movie revenues, and viewer satisfaction. Journal of Marketing, 74(1), 108–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Mosakowski, E. (1998). Entrepreneurial resources, organizational choices, and competitive outcomes. Organization Science, 9(6), 625–643.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Ngai, E. W. T., & Wat, F. K. T. (2002). A literature review and classification of electronic commerce research. Information & Management, 39(5), 415–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Oliver, C. (1997). Sustainable competitive advantage: combining institutional and resource-based views. Strategic Management Journal, 18(9), 697–713.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Oxley, J. E., & Yeung, B. (2001). E-commerce readiness: institutional environment and international competitiveness. Journal of International Business Studies, 32(4), 705–723.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Peng, M. W., Wang, D. Y. L., & Jiang, Y. (2008). An institution-based view of international business strategy: a focus on emerging economies. Journal of International Business Studies, 39(5), 920–936.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Penrose, E. G. (1959). The theory of the growth of the firm. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  91. Perkmann, M., & Spicer, A. (2014). How emerging organizations take form: the role of imprinting and values in organizational bricolage. Organization Science, 25(6), 1785–1806.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Phillips, N., & Tracey, P. (2007). Opportunity recognition, entrepreneurial capabilities and bricolage: connecting institutional theory and entrepreneurship in strategic organization. Strategic Organization, 5(3), 313–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Podsakoff, P. M., & Organ, D. W. (1986). Self-reports in organizational research: problems and prospects. Journal of Management, 12(4), 531–544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: a critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(5), 879–903.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Porter, M. E. (1980). Competitive strategy: Techniques for analyzing industries and competitors. Free Press.Google Scholar
  96. Puffer, S. M., Mccarthy, D. J., & Boisot, M. (2010). Entrepreneurship in russia and china: the impact of formal institutional voids. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 34(3), 441–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Rindova, V. P., Petkova, A. P., & Kotha, S. (2007). Standing out: how new firms in emerging markets build reputation. Strategic Organization, 5(1), 31–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Rönkkö, M., Peltonen, J., & Arenius, P. (2013). Selective or parallel? Toward measuring the domains of entrepreneurial bricolage. Entrepreneurial Resourcefulness: Competing with Constraints, 15, 43–61.Google Scholar
  99. Salunke, S., Weerawardena, J., & McColl-Kennedy, J. R. (2013). Competing through service innovation: the role of bricolage and entrepreneurship in project-oriented firms. Journal of Business Research, 66(8), 1085–1097.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Santarelli, E., & D'altri, S. (2003). The diffusion of e-commerce among SMEs: theoretical implications and empirical evidence. Small Business Economics, 21(3), 273–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Scott, W. R. (1987). The adolescence of institutional theory. Administrative Science Quarterly, 32, 493–511.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Scott, W. R. (2001). Institutions and Organizations (2nd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  103. Scupola, A. (2009). SMEs’ e-commerce adoption: perspectives from Denmark and Australia. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 22(1–2), 152–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Senyard, J., Baker, T., & Davidsson, P. (2009). Entrepreneurial bricolage: towards systematic empirical testing. Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, 29(5), 1–14.Google Scholar
  105. Senyard, J. M., Baker, T., & Steffens, P. R. (2010). Entrepreneurial bricolage and firm performance: moderating effects of firm change and innovativeness. 2010 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Montreal, Canada, 14444–14467.Google Scholar
  106. Senyard, J., Baker, T., Steffens, P., & Davidsson, P. (2014). Bricolage as a path to innovativeness for resource-constrained new firms. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 31(2), 211–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Senyard, J. M., Davidsson, P., & Steffens, P. R. (2015). Environmental dynamism as a moderator of the relationship between bricolage and firm performance. 75th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management: Opening Governance, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 14893–14933.Google Scholar
  108. Sethi, V., & King, W. R. (1994). Development of measures to assess the extent to which an information technology application provides competitive advantage. Management Science, 40(12), 1601–1627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 217–226.Google Scholar
  110. Shepherd, D. A., Patzelt, H., & Wolfe, M. (2011). Moving forward from project failure: negative emotions, affective commitment, and learning from the experience. Academy of Management Journal, 54(6), 1229–1259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Simpson, M., & Docherty, A. J. (2004). E-commerce adoption support and advice for UK SMEs. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 11(3), 315–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Smith, D., Menon, S., & Sivakumar, K. (2005). Online peer and editorial recommendations, trust, and choice in virtual markets. Journal of Interactive Marketing, 19(3), 15–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Smolka, K. M., Verheul, I., Burmeister-Lamp, K., & Heugens, P. P. M. A. R. (2016). Get it together! Synergistic effects of causal and effectual decision-making logics on venture performance. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice.  https://doi.org/10.1111/etap.12266, etap.12266.
  114. Srinivasan, S. S., Anderson, R., & Ponnavolu, K. (2002). Customer loyalty in e-commerce: an exploration of its antecedents and consequences. Journal of Retailing, 78(1), 41–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Standifird, S. S. (2001). Reputation and e-commerce: eBay auctions and the asymmetrical impact of positive and negative ratings. Journal of Management: Official Journal of the Southern Management Association, 27(3), 279–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Steffens, P. R., Senyard, J. M., & Baker, T. (2009). Linking resource acquisition and development processes to resource-based advantage: bricolage and the resource-based view. In 6th AGSE International Entrepreneurship Research Exchange. Adelaide: University of Adelaide.Google Scholar
  117. Stenholm, P., & Renko, M. (2016). Passionate bricoleurs and new venture survival. Journal of Business Venturing, 31(5), 595–611.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Stinchcombe, A. L. (1965). Organizations and social structure. Handbook of Organizations.Google Scholar
  119. Su, C., & Littlefield, J. E. (2001). Entering guanxi: a business ethical dilemma in mainland China? Journal of Business Ethics, 33(3), 199–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Tasavori, M., Kwong, C., & Pruthi, S. (2017). Resource bricolage and growth of product and market scope in social enterprises. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Forthcoming. Google Scholar
  121. Trusdata. (2016). Report on Chinese mobile Internet industry. http://www.itrustdata.cn/#publish. Accessed 15 June 2017.
  122. Tuang, A., & Stringer, C. (2008). Trust and commitment in Vietnam: the industrial distributor’s perspective. International Journal of Emerging Markets, 3(4), 390–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Van Beveren, J., & Thomson, H. (2002). The use of electronic commerce by SMEs in Victoria, Australia. Journal of Small Business Management, 40(3), 250–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Venkatraman, N., & Ramanujam, V. (1986). Measurement of business performance in strategy research: a comparison of approaches. Academy of Management Review, 11(4), 801–814.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Verbrugge, L. M. (1979). Multiplexity in adult friendships. Social Forces, 57(4), 1286–1309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Verhagen, T., & Dolen, W. V. (2007). Online purchase intentions: a multi-channel store image perspective. Information Management, 46(2), 77–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Wang, Y., & Lin, K. J. (2008). Reputation-oriented trustworthy computing in e-commerce environments. IEEE Internet Computing, 12(4), 55–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Wang, S., Cavusoglu, H., & Deng, Z. (2016). Early mover advantage in e-commerce platforms with low entry barriers: the role of customer relationship management capabilities. Information Management, 53(2), 197–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Webb, J. W., Bruton, G. D., Tihanyi, L., & Ireland, R. D. (2013). Research on entrepreneurship in the informal economy: framing a research agenda. Journal of Business Venturing, 28(5), 598–614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Welter, C., Mauer, R., & Wuebker, R. J. (2016). Bridging behavioral models and theoretical concepts: effectuation and bricolage in the opportunity creation framework. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 10(1), 5–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Wigand, R. T. (1997). Electronic commerce: Definition, theory, and context. The Information Society, 13(1), 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Wilson, H., Daniel, E., & Davies, I. A. (2008). The diffusion of e-commerce in UK SMEs. Journal of Marketing Management, 24(5–6), 489–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Wong, C. W. Y., Lai, K. H., & Teo, T. S. H. (2009). Institutional pressures and mindful it management: the case of a container terminal in China. Information Management, 46(8), 434–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Wu, F., Mahajan, V., & Balasubramanian, S. (2003). An analysis of e-business adoption and its impact on business performance. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 31(4), 425–447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Wu, L., Liu, H., & Zhang, J. (2017). Bricolage effects on new-product development speed and creativity: the moderating role of technological turbulence. Journal of Business Research, 70:127–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Yao, Z., Yang, Z., Fisher, G. J., Ma, C., & Fang, E. (2013). Knowledge complementarity, knowledge absorption effectiveness, and new product performance: the exploration of international joint ventures in China. International Business Review, 22(1), 216–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Yiu, D., Bruton, G. D., & Lu, Y. (2005). Understanding business group performance in an emerging economy: acquiring resources and capabilities in order to prosper. Journal of Management Studies, 42(1), 183–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Yu, X., Nguyen, B., Han, S. H., Chen, C. H. S., & Li, F. (2015). Electronic CRM and perceptions of unfairness. Information Technology & Management, 16(4), 351–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Yu, X., Tao, Y., Tao, X., Xia, F., & Li, Y. (2017a). Managing uncertainty in emerging economies: the interaction effects between causation and effectuation on firm performance. Technological Forecasting and Social Change.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2017.11.017. (online published).
  140. Yu, X., Roy, S. K., Quazi, A., Nguyen, B., & Han, Y. (2017b). Internet entrepreneurship and ‘the sharing of information’ in an internet-of-things context: the role of interactivity, stickiness, e-satisfaction and word-of-mouth in online SMEs’ websites. Internet Research, 27(3), 74–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Zahavi, T., & Lavie, D. (2013). Intra-industry diversification and firm performance. Strategic Management Journal, 34(8), 978–998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Zallocco, R., Pullins, E. B., & Mallin, M. L. (2009). A re-examination of B2B sales performance. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 24(8), 598–610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Zhang, H., Lu, Y., Shi, X., Tang, Z., & Zhao, Z. (2012a). Mood and social presence on consumer purchase behaviour in C2C e-commerce in Chinese culture. Electronic Markets-The International Journal on Networked Business, 22(3), 143–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Zhang, X., Luo, J., & Li, Q. (2012b). Do different reputation systems provide consistent signals of seller quality: a canonical correlation investigation of Chinese C2C marketplaces. Electronic Markets-The International Journal on Networked Business, 22(3), 155–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Zhou, W., & Hinz, O. (2016). Determining profit-optimizing return policies-a two-step approach on data from Taobao.com. Electronic Markets–The International Journal on Networked Business, 26(2), 103–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Zhu, K., & Kraemer, K. L. (2002). E-commerce metrics for net-enhanced organizations: assessing the value of e-commerce to firm performance in the manufacturing sector. Information Systems Research, 13(3), 275–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Zimmerman, M. A., & Zeitz, G. J. (2002). Beyond survival: achieving new venture growth by building legitimacy. Academy of Management Review, 27(3), 414–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Applied Informatics at University of Leipzig 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoyu Yu
    • 1
  • Yajie Li
    • 1
  • Daniel Q. Chen
    • 2
  • Xiaotong Meng
    • 1
  • Xiangming Tao
    • 3
  1. 1.School of ManagementShanghai UniversityShanghaiP.R. China
  2. 2.Neeley School of BusinessTexas Christian UniversityTexasUnited States
  3. 3.School of Management, Royal HollowayUniversity of LondonLondonUnited Kingdom

Personalised recommendations