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Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

, Volume 11, Issue 7, pp 3155–3186 | Cite as

Analysing technical choices: improving the archaeological classification of Late Republican Black Gloss pottery in north-eastern Hispania consumption centres

  • Marisol Madrid i FernándezEmail author
  • Alejandro G. Sinner
Original Paper

Abstract

In order to improve archaeological classifications of Late Republican Black Gloss pottery, an assemblage from two consumption sites in north-eastern Hispania has been physicochemically characterized to identify its provenance and to gain an idea of its manufacture process. The study has been organized according to a multiphase sampling (Buxeda i Garrigós and Madrid i Fernández 2016, 20). In the first phase, chemical characterization by means of wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF) and mineralogical characterization by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) were performed. In the next phase, a subsample was microstructurally characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thanks to which the sintering/vitrification stage of the matrix and the gloss was determined. The combination of both disciplines, archaeology and archaeometry, enables us to identify four meaningful ceramic groups: Campanian A, Cales 1, 2 and 3. The study also allowed us to infer that all of them must be related to the Campanian region and assignable to three different chronological periods. The Campanian region thus seems to have been the primary source that supplied the settlements considered. The study also allows us to appreciate that the classification criteria used by the archaeologists working at those sites reflect the technical choices made by the potters and that, in many cases, they can only be detected and therefore interpreted by means of archaeometry.

Keywords

Campanian A Campanian B Middle Cales Late Cales Hispania Archaeometry 

Notes

Acknowledgments

X-ray fluorescence analysis, X-ray diffraction analyses and SEM examinations were undertaken at the Centres Científics i Tecnològics de la Universitat de Barcelona (CCiTUB). Finally, we would like to thank Joaquim Garcia (Archaeologist of Mataró City Hall) for the archaeological classification of the pottery studied in this article.

Funding information

This article would never have been possible without the generous support of York University through the award of a SSHRC Small Research Grant to finance the research project entitled Cultural Contacts Between Central Italy and Spain: An Archaeometrical Approach from Ancient Ilduro.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cultura Material i Arqueometria UB (ARQUB, GRACPE), Departament d’Història i ArqueologiaUniversitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Greek and Roman StudiesUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

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