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Archaeometric constraints by multidisciplinary study of Richborough 527 amphorae and yellow clays from the C.da Portinenti pottery workshop (Lipari Island, Italy)

  • Marcella Di Bella
  • Maria Amalia Mastelloni
  • Angela Baldanza
  • Simona Quartieri
  • Francesco Italiano
  • Alessandro Tripodo
  • Davide Romano
  • Fabio Leonetti
  • Giuseppe Sabatino
Original Paper

Abstract

During the archeological excavations carried out from 1993 to 1995 at C.da Portinenti, at Lipari Island, a pottery workshop dated to Roman age—including a kiln dump containing both Richborough 527 type amphora wastes and ceramic shreds—was discovered. The Richborough 527 amphorae had been used to transport local volcanic and hydrothermal products throughout the Roman Empire. Here, we present the results of a multidisciplinary archaeometric study carried out with the aim to shed light on the provenance of the raw materials used in the production of the Richborough 527 amphorae. To achieve this goal, amphora wastes and a sample of yellow clays stored in the archeological excavation area have been analyzed, and the data were compared to those available for clays coming from Lipari and from the Messina Province. The overall results indicate that (i) a volcanic sand from Portinenti Valley was used as temper in the ceramic mixture; (ii) the geochemical features and the fossils present in the ceramic paste are compatible with marine Pleistocene clayey deposits of the Messina Province and incompatible with the clays of Lipari island; (iii) the yellow clays found in the excavation area were not used to produce the Richborough 527; and (iv) the analyzed wastes are the results of a poorly controlled firing temperature during the ceramic artifact production.

Keywords

Richborough 527 Ceramic amphora wastes Lipari Island Alumen and hydrothermal earths Microfossils Raw materials X-ray powder diffraction SEM-EDX XRF 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank two anonymous referees for the careful reading of the manuscript and their constructive comments, which improved the quality of the paper. G. Bueti and S. Larinà are thanked for their contribution to this research project, given during their degree work.

Supplementary material

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Fig. S1

XRPD patterns of the analyzed clay samples: A) Clay-Port and Clay-Fuardo; B) Clay-Messina (PNG 183 kb)

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High resolution image (EPS 3224 kb)
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Fig. S2

Distribution of Quaternary marine marly-clays deposits (Pleistocenic Clay Complex) outcropping along the north-eastern coast of Sicily, identified as possible supply area of raw materials used for the production of Richborough 527 amphorae (PNG 1155 kb)

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High resolution image (TIF 414 kb)
12520_2018_727_MOESM3_ESM.xlsx (17 kb)
ESM 1 (XLSX 17 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcella Di Bella
    • 1
  • Maria Amalia Mastelloni
    • 2
  • Angela Baldanza
    • 3
  • Simona Quartieri
    • 4
  • Francesco Italiano
    • 1
  • Alessandro Tripodo
    • 4
  • Davide Romano
    • 1
  • Fabio Leonetti
    • 4
  • Giuseppe Sabatino
    • 4
  1. 1.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e VulcanologiaPalermoItaly
  2. 2.Polo Regionale delle Isole Eolie, Parco, Museo Archeologico “L. Bernabò Brea”LipariItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Fisica e GeologiaUniversità di PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  4. 4.Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche e Informatiche, Scienze Fisiche e Scienze della TerraUniversità di MessinaMessinaItaly

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