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Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 1577–1588 | Cite as

Study on the grossular rabbit with high hardness excavated from Yin Ruins, Anyang, China

  • Rong WangEmail author
  • Lu Cai
  • Tian-tian Bao
  • Ji-gen Tang
  • Chang-sui Wang
Brief Report
  • 44 Downloads

Introduction

Chinese jade artifacts, since its first excavation from Xiaonanshan Culture (7200–6600 bc), have been developed for thousands of years and reached a peak in late Shang Dynasty (1290–1046 bc). The jade artifact from Yin Ruins is an outstanding representative of the era. Based on archaeological findings from 1928 to 2011, it is estimated that the total number of the jade artifacts unearthed from Yin Ruins is 2932 (Ding 2015). The materials of the jades from Yin Ruins have attracted great attention of archaeologists. As early as 1945, Li ( 1945) observed and measured color, specific gravity, and Mohs hardness of 61 jades unearthed from Yin Ruins and confirmed that 42 pieces of jades were made of tremolite–actinolite. Since the late 1970s, some scholars, especially geologists, have explored the properties of jades by identifying materials. Substantial scientific analysis began in 2007, such as Jing et al. ( 2007), Gan et al. ( 2008), Ding ( 2013), Yu et al. ( 2016), Wang et al. ( 2016...

Notes

Funding information

This research is supported by the Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. U1432243).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cultural Heritage and MuseologyFudan UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Center for Social SciencesSouthern University of Science and TechnologyShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of Archaeology and AnthropologyUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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