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Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 1461–1475 | Cite as

Lost in the mountains? The Cova del Sardo and the Neolithisation of the Southern Central Pyrenees (fifth-third mill. cal bc)

  • Niccolò MazzuccoEmail author
  • Ignacio Clemente Conte
  • Ermengol Gassiot
Original Paper

Abstract

In this paper, we present the results of the analysis of the Cova del Sardo flaked stone assemblage, a rock shelter located at 1.790 m a.s.l. in the Central Pyrenees. An integrated analysis of the lithic record, from a petrological, technological, and functional point of view, has been realised. The daily life activities carried out at the site have been reconstructed and a diachronic reading of the data has been finalised. An interpretation in terms of territorial and economic organisation of the prehistoric group is advanced. A mixed farming economy is suggested, even if herding and pasture exploitation could have locally played an important role. The analysis of lithic raw materials indicates that the groups followed a south-north mobility, as most of exploited cherts are from southern sources (Ebro valley and pre-Pyrenean ranges). Finally, the Cova del Sardo is discussed within a broader framework, taking into account the Neolithisation process of the Southern Central Pyrenees.

Keywords

Mountain archaeology Neolithic Lithic raw materials Use-wear analysis Marginal environments 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is part of the project ‘Modelización de los espacios prehistóricos de montaña. Un SIG del patrimonio arqueológico y los territorios pastoriles (HAR2015-66780-P)’ funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness and the European Regional Development Fund and directed by E. Gassiot. We would like to thank the Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici National Park, all the members of the GAAM “Grup d’Arqueologia de l’Alta Muntanya” (UAB-CSIC) and all the people involved in our research. In addition, we would like to thank the LitoCAT (IMF-CSIC) for their precious help with raw material analysis and classification.

Supplementary material

12520_2018_603_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (15 kb)
ESM 1 (XLSX 15 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UMR 7055, Préhistoire et TechnologieCNRS—Université Paris NanterreNanterre CedexFrance
  2. 2.GAAM (UAB-CSIC) and Agrest GroupBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Archaeology and AnthropologyCSIC—Institución Milá y Fontanals (IMF)BarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Departament de Prehistòria, Facultat de Filosofia i LletrasUniversitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)Cerdanyola del VallesSpain

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