Geomatics for economic archaeological documentation and management
- 72 Downloads
Restoration of heritage sites from their remains is a challenging task, as the required geospatial and geophysical data are generally incomplete and complex in nature. These data are typically collected using multiple disciplines/techniques such as GIS, remote sensing, photogrammetry and ground penetration radar (GPR), to record and document factual and accurate information. This research proposes an integrated data collection and management practice towards achieving a structured archaeological documentation process with minimal or no damage to the existing structure. The process includes the integration of archaeological information from aerial stereo photographs, satellite images, global positioning systems (GPS) and GPR profiles. This approach is demonstrated through a fourth century ancient Greco-Roman city in Jordan (Umm Qais). Various abstract levels of details have been generated including orthophoto, digital elevation model (DEM) and vector site layout of buildings and infrastructure. Further, the GPR analysis shows the existence of shallow discontinuous and shifted buried walls, which indicates that the site was affected by a possible earthquake during the historical period. The developed 3D geospatial archaeological database for Umm Qais City can be utilised for various purposes such as archaeological documentation, conservation, monitoring, restoration, tourism and urban planning. The study also outlines the schedule of various processes and the cost estimate associated with the development of the integrated 3D geospatial archaeological database.
KeywordsArchaeology 3D modelling Orthophoto DEM Close range photogrammetry and GPR
We would like to acknowledge Petya Dimitrova, Rani Zetawi, Mohammad Ibrahim and Mohammad Marria for their valuable fieldwork and data processing.
This project was proudly funded by the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Jordan, and we would like to acknowledge their continued support for our team and provision of generous funding for this study.
- Abu-allaban M, El-khalili MM (2014) Antiquity impact of air pollution 14:191–199Google Scholar
- Akasheh T, Haddad N, Fakhoury L, Ajlouni F, Debajah M (2016). Jordan umayyad route. http://umayyad.eu/sites/default/files/Jordan.pdf. Accessed 10 March 2018.
- Apollonio FI, Gaiani M, Benedetti B (2012) 3D reality-based artefact models for the management of archaeological sites using 3D Gis: a framework starting from the case study of the Pompeii Archaeological area. J Archaeol Sci 39:1271–1287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2011.12.034 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Daher RF (1999) Gentrification and the politics of power, capital and culture in an emerging Jordanian heritage industry. Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review, X(II):33–45Google Scholar
- El-Khalili, M. (2014). Revival of cultural heritage: The case study of the ottoman village in Umm Qais. Jordan Journal for History & Archaeology 8(1)Google Scholar
- Ii CAM, Member C, Hawkins RA, Member C (2014) The impacts of heritage tourism on Gadara, Northern Jordan Ammar Abdelkarim Alobiedat. A dissertation presented to the faculty of Arkansas State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of Philosophy, Arkansas State UnGoogle Scholar
- Keilholz P (2012) The ancient cisterns of Hellenistic Gadara/Umm Qais (Jordan). Tübinger Archäologische Forschungen [unpublished] Google Scholar. 103–112Google Scholar
- Morton RA, Leach MP, Paine JG et al (2018) Monitoring beach changes using GPS surveying the stability and rates of shoreline movement. J Coast Res 9:702–720Google Scholar
- Scianna A, La Guardia M (2017) Main features of a 3D GIS for a monumental complex with an historical-cultural relevance. Int Arch Photogramm Remote Sens Spat Inf Sci 42. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-5-W1-519-2017 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Shiyab A, Al Shorman A, Alawneh F, Tarboush, M, Alrahabneh A (2017) Discovery of Hellenstic Temple at Umm Qeis site, Gadara in Northern Jordan: First Results. 17(2):137–148. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.810
- Xiao W, Mills J, Guidi G, Rodríguez-Gonzálvez P, Barsanti S, González-Aguilera D (2018) Geoinformatics for the conservation and promotion of cultural heritage in support of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. ISPRS J Photogramm Remote Sens. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2018.01.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar