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Numerical simulation of mechanical characteristics of concrete face rockfill dam under complicated geological conditions

  • Yanhao ZhengEmail author
  • Kun Shan
  • Yongxin Xu
  • Xiyu Chen
GMGDA 2019
  • 17 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Geological Modeling and Geospatial Data Analysis

Abstract

In order to control the deformation of concrete face rockfill dams and improve the safety and stability of concrete face rockfill dams, this study uses the finite element analysis method, statistical analysis method, and numerical calculation to systematically study the stress and deformation characteristics of concrete face rockfill dam and its anti-seepage wall under complex geological conditions. The numerical simulation of the secondary development platform based on finite element software shows that the deformation caused by the foundation compression deformation, rheological deformation, and hydraulic coupling effect is the main cause of the large deformation of the overburden dam on the overburden layer. Among them, the foundation compression deformation is the main source of foundation deformation, and the deformation caused by rheological deformation and hydraulic coupling effect is the main source of secular deformation. Rockfill compression deformation is the main source of dam deformation, and the contribution of rheological deformation to dam deformation is greater than that caused by hydraulic coupling effect. In this study, the stress deformation and leakage characteristics of concrete face rockfill dam are analyzed, and the statistical laws of mechanical properties of concrete face rockfill dam are revealed. The sedimentation of the dam crest of most concrete rockfill dams is less than or equal to 0.40% H (H is the height of the face rockfill dam), and the sedimentation of most dams during the completion period is less than 1.0% H. After water storage, the panel deflection is close to the dam crest sedimentation value. Most of the dam’s panel deflection is less than 0.40% H, of which more than half is less than 0.2% H. Large rockfill deformation is the main cause of panel tensile stress, as well cracking and crushing damage.

Keywords

Rockfill dam Numerical simulation Hydraulic coupling effect Statistical analysis method Finite element analysis 

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringImperial College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.College of Construction EngineeringJilin UniversityChangchunChina

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