An assessment of water yield properties for weathered bedrock zone in Northern Shaanxi Jurassic coalfield: a case study in Jinjitan coal mine, Western China

  • Zhi Yang
  • Wenping LiEmail author
  • Jianghui He
  • Yu Liu
Original Paper


Jurassic weathered bedrock is widely distributed in the Jurassic coalfield of Northern Shaanxi Province. Its fracture network is connected with each other well, which provides a good space foundation for groundwater storage. It makes bedrock weathered zone become one of the important aquifers that endanger coal mine safe production. It is quite necessary to predict bedrock weathered zone aquifer water yield property scientifically to provide a technical guarantee for mine water inrush hazard prevention and control. In order to find out the characteristics of bedrock weathered zone aquifer water yield property, the 5 main control factors affecting weathered bedrock aquifer water yield property, characteristics of overlying aquifer, weathered bedrock strata age, lithologic composition feature, weathering intensity of bedrock, and bedrock weathered zone thickness, are selected to establish a water yield property index mathematical model on weathered bedrock aquifer by the fuzzy Delphi analytic hierarchy process (FDAHP) method and protracted water yield property partition map with the help of ArcGIS. Through analysis and comparison, established water yield property index model and partition map are feasible with a relative high accuracy. Meanwhile, it has some good directive significance to predict weathered bedrock aquifer water yield property type for surrounding mines with similar conditions.


Weathered bedrock Aquifer Water yield property evaluation FDAHP method· 



The authors thank the editors and two anonymous reviewers for their careful work and thoughtful suggestions.

Funding information

This research was financially supported by the State Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41430643), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 2018BSCXC48) and Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. KYCX18_1988)


  1. Berner EK, Berner RA (2012) Global environment. Princeton University PressGoogle Scholar
  2. Cai HB, Cheng H (2012) Classification method of deep rock mass based on FDAHP theory. Hydrogeol Eng Geol 39(6):43–49 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Chai HC, Li WP (2014) Analysis of developing mechanism of water transmitting fractured zone mining approaching to weathered and oxidized zone. Chin J Rock Mech Eng 33(7):1319–1328 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Chapela Lara M, Buss HL, Pogge von Strandmann PAE, Schuessler JA, Moore OW (2017) The influence of critical zone processes on the Mg isotope budget in a tropical, highly weathered andesitic catchment. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 202:77–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Feng JW (2006) Fuzzy Delphi Analytic Hierarchy Process and Its Applications. Math Practice Theory 36(9):44–48 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Gao R, Yan H, Ju F, Mei XC, Wang XL (2018) Influential factors and control of water inrush in a coal seam as the main aquifer. Int J Min Sci Technol 28(2):187–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Golden BL (2011) The Analytic Hierarchy Process. John Wiley & Sons, LtdGoogle Scholar
  8. Hayaty M, Tavakoli Mohammadi MR, Rezaei A, Shayestehfar MR (2014) Risk Assessment and Ranking of Metals Using FDAHP and TOPSIS. Mine Water Environ 33(2):157–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. He JH, Li WP, Qiao W (2018) P-H-q evaluation system for risk assessment of water inrush in underground mining in North China coal field, based on rock-breaking theory and water-pressure transmission theory. Geomat Nat Haz Risk 9(1):524–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hoseinie SH, Ataei M, Osanloo M (2009) A new classification system for evaluating rock penetrability. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 46(8):1329–1340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hou EK, Tong RJ, Wang SJ, Feng J, Chen T (2016) Prediction method for the water enrichment of weathered bedrock based on Fisher model in Northern Shaaxi Jurassic coalfield. J China Coal Soc 41(9):2312–2318 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  12. Ishizaka A, Labib A (2011) Review of the main developments in the analytic hierarchy process. Expert Syst Appl 38(11):14336–14345Google Scholar
  13. Jain S, Shukla S, Wadhvani R (2018) Dynamic selection of normalization techniques using data complexity measures. Expert Syst Appl 106:252–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li XL, Yao DX,Yang JX (2011) Study of bedrock weathering zone features in Suntuan coal mine. In: Advances in Computer Science, Environment, Ecoinformatics, and Education - International Conference, Csee 2011, Wuhan, China, August 21-22, 2011. Proceedings: 330-335Google Scholar
  15. Li XL, Yao DX, Yang JX, Hu YB (2014) Features of bedrock weathering zone in working surface 7_211 in Suntuan coal mine. Coal Geol Explor 42(1):45–52 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  16. Li JQ, Li J, Yu MJ, Sun JH (2016) Sectional support technology of weathered bedrock in inclined shaft of Piliqing Mine. Coal Sci Technol 44(9):83–87 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Li WP, Liu Y, Qiao W, Zhao C, Yang DD, Guo QC (2018) An Improved Vulnerability Assessment Model for Floor Water Bursting from a Confined Aquifer Based on the Water Inrush Coefficient Method. Mine Water Environ 37(1):196–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Liu CY, Zhao HG, Gui XJ, Yue LP, Zhao JF, An X (2006) Space-Time Coordinate of the Evolution and Reformation and Mineralization Response in Ordos Basin. Acta Geol Sin 80(5):617–638 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. Moyé J, Picard-Lesteven T, Zouhri L, El Amari K, Hibti M, Benkaddour A (2017) Groundwater assessment and environmental impact in the abandoned mine of Kettara (Morocco). Environ Pollut 231:899–907CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Neuman SP (2005) Trends, prospects and challenges in quantifying flow and transport through fractured rocks. Hydrogeol J 13:124–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Qian XP, Ren HJ, Yang GH, Li BJ (2016) Mine Area Hydrogeological Exploration Types and Basic Workload. Coal Geol China 28(2):35–38 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  22. Rassam GN (2013) Glossary of Geology. EOS Trans Am Geophys Union 69(1):5–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wang DQ, Liu ZZ, Yin LH (2005) Hydro-geological characteristics and groundwater systems of the erdos basin. Quat Sci 25(1):6–14 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  24. Wang SQ, Niu J, Liu Y, Du P, Zhang ZZ, Liang XS (2014a) Prediction of hydro-geological characteristics and water filling risk in Jinjie mine. Coal Geol Explor 42(6):55–58 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  25. Wang SQ, Niu JL, Liu Y, Du RJ, Zhang ZZ, Liang XS (2014b) Gushing water law and its control factors analysis of Jinjie coal mine. Saf Coal Mines 45(2):145–150 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  26. Wang H, Wang HJ, Xu SY, Yu YF, Wang LL (2018) Dynamic response of loess- weathered rock contact surface slope. J China Univ Min Technol 47(4):893–899 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  27. Witty JH, Graham RC, Hubbert KR, Doolittle JA, Wald JA (2003) Contributions of water supply from the weathered bedrock zone to forest soil quality. Geoderma 114:389–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Worthington SRH, Davies GJ, Alexander EC (2016) Enhancement of bedrock permeability by weathering. Earth Sci Rev 160:188–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wu Q, Fan ZL, Liu SQ, Zhang YW, Sun WJ (2011) Water-richness evaluation method of water-filled aquifer based on the principle of information fusion with GIS: Water-richness index method. J China Coal Soc 36(7):1124–1128 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  30. Wu Q, Wang Y, Zhao DK, Shen JJ (2017) Water abundance assessment method and application of loose aquifer based on sedimentary characteristics. J China Univ Min Technol 46(3):460–466Google Scholar
  31. Wu JY, Feng MM, Yu BY, Zhang WL, Ni XY, Han GS (2018) Experimental investigation on dilatancy behavior of water-saturated sandstone. Int J Min Sci Technol 28(2):323–329 in ChineseCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Xu C, Gong P (2011) Water disaster types and water control measures of Hanxing coal mine area. Proc Earth Planet Sci 3(3):343–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Xu YC, Cao XC, Li JH, Li KQ, Liu ZH (2016) Experiment study on water resistance and isolation features of base rock weathering zone in Zhaogu No. 1 Mine. Coal Sci Technol 44(1):178–182,195 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  34. Yang Z, Li WP, Pei YB, Qiao W, Wu YL (2018) Classification of the type of eco-geological environment of a coal mine district: A case study of an ecologically fragile region in Western China. J Clean Prod 174:1513–1526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yin HY, Lefticariu L, Wei JC, Zhu L, Guo JB, Li ZJ, Guan YZ (2016) A Multi-method Approach for Estimating the Failure Depth of Coal Seam Floor with Longwall Mining Coal Mine in China. Geotech Geol Eng 34(5):1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zeng YF, Li Z, Gong HJ, Zheng JH (2018) Water abundance characteristics in aquifer of weathered roof bedrock and prediction on water inrush risk. Coal Eng 50(2):100–104 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  37. Zhang MS, Dong Y, Du RJ (2010) The strategy and influence of coal mining on the groundwater resources at the energy and chemical base in the north of Shaanxi. Earth Sci Front 17(6):235–246 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  38. Zhou J, Xing LT, Gu YW, Zhang FJ, Zhang Y, Wang LY, Sun BB (2013) Mechanism Analysis of Water-Filling Based on Material Properties in Jinjie Mine, NW China. Adv Mater Res 700:239–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment Science and Spatial InformaticsChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Resources and GeosciencesChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Mining-induced Response and Disaster Prevention and Control in Deep Coal MinesAnhui University of Science and TechnologyHuainanChina

Personalised recommendations