An overview of climate change and variability impact studies in Nigeria

  • Da’u Abba UmarEmail author
  • Mohammad Firuz Ramli
  • Ahmad Zaharin Aris
  • Wan Nor Azmin Sulaiman
  • Muhammad Amar Zaudi
  • Abubakar Ibrahim Tukur
Review Paper


The current review discussed the major research advances on the impacts of climate change and variability on various resource sectors in Nigeria. The paper analyses the direction, priorities, and spatial dimension of the climate impact studies in the country alongside the methodological advances. From the findings, studies on the impact of climate on agriculture dominated the review, while studies related to the impact of climate on health and water resources were the least prioritized. In terms of the spatial location of these studies, the review indicated that only 33% of the studies conducted are from the fragile semi-arid region of the country. Although the review has indicated some improvement in the methodological advances, yet, the use of climate and hydrological models has not been very popular in the midst of the reviewed climate studies, and this is probably due to insufficient hydrometeorological data. Most of these studies were found to use simple statistical techniques, perhaps due to their simplicity compared with the climate and hydrological models and less data demanding. More climate impact studies are recommended using advanced techniques such as climate and hydrological models particularly in the semi-arid region of the country where such impacts prove devastating and will likely be more so in the future.


Climate variability Land use change Hydrological modelling Semi-arid environment 



The first author wants to thank the management of the Federal University Dutse (FUD), Dutse Nigeria and that of Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFUND) for sponsoring his Ph.D. program at Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), a leading research university in Malaysia.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of ScienceFederal University DutseDutseNigeria
  2. 2.Faculty of Environmental StudiesUniversiti Putra Malaysia UPMSerdangMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of GeographyKano State University of Science and TechnologyWudilNigeria

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